Root gravity response module guides differential growth determining both root bending and apical hook formation in Arabidopsis

Q. Zhu, M. Gallemi, J. Pospíšil, P. Žádníková, M. Strnad, E. Benková, Development 146 (2019) dev175919.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
The apical hook is a transiently formed structure that plays a protective role when the germinating seedling penetrates through the soil towards the surface. Crucial for proper bending is the local auxin maxima, which defines the concave (inner) side of the hook curvature. As no sign of asymmetric auxin distribution has been reported in embryonic hypocotyls prior to hook formation, the question of how auxin asymmetry is established in the early phases of seedling germination remains largely unanswered. Here, we analyzed the auxin distribution and expression of PIN auxin efflux carriers from early phases of germination, and show that bending of the root in response to gravity is the crucial initial cue that governs the hypocotyl bending required for apical hook formation. Importantly, polar auxin transport machinery is established gradually after germination starts as a result of tight root-hypocotyl interaction and a proper balance between abscisic acid and gibberellins.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-09-12
Journal Title
Development
Volume
146
Issue
17
Article Number
dev175919
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Zhu Q, Gallemi M, Pospíšil J, Žádníková P, Strnad M, Benková E. Root gravity response module guides differential growth determining both root bending and apical hook formation in Arabidopsis. Development. 2019;146(17):dev175919. doi:10.1242/dev.175919
Zhu, Q., Gallemi, M., Pospíšil, J., Žádníková, P., Strnad, M., & Benková, E. (2019). Root gravity response module guides differential growth determining both root bending and apical hook formation in Arabidopsis. Development, 146(17), dev175919. https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.175919
Zhu, Qiang, Marçal Gallemi, Jiří Pospíšil, Petra Žádníková, Miroslav Strnad, and Eva Benková. “Root Gravity Response Module Guides Differential Growth Determining Both Root Bending and Apical Hook Formation in Arabidopsis.” Development 146, no. 17 (2019): dev175919. https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.175919.
Q. Zhu, M. Gallemi, J. Pospíšil, P. Žádníková, M. Strnad, and E. Benková, “Root gravity response module guides differential growth determining both root bending and apical hook formation in Arabidopsis,” Development, vol. 146, no. 17, p. dev175919, 2019.
Zhu Q, Gallemi M, Pospíšil J, Žádníková P, Strnad M, Benková E. 2019. Root gravity response module guides differential growth determining both root bending and apical hook formation in Arabidopsis. Development. 146(17), dev175919.
Zhu, Qiang, et al. “Root Gravity Response Module Guides Differential Growth Determining Both Root Bending and Apical Hook Formation in Arabidopsis.” Development, vol. 146, no. 17, 2019, p. dev175919, doi:10.1242/dev.175919.

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