Structural analysis of pleomorphic and asymmetric viruses using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging

M. Obr, F.K. Schur, in:, F.A. Rey (Ed.), Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function, Elsevier, 2019, pp. 117–159.

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Abstract
Describing the protein interactions that form pleomorphic and asymmetric viruses represents a considerable challenge to most structural biology techniques, including X-ray crystallography and single particle cryo-electron microscopy. Obtaining a detailed understanding of these interactions is nevertheless important, considering the number of relevant human pathogens that do not follow strict icosahedral or helical symmetry. Cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging methods provide structural insights into complex biological environments and are well suited to go beyond structures of perfectly symmetric viruses. This chapter discusses recent developments showing that cryo-ET and subtomogram averaging can provide high-resolution insights into hitherto unknown structural features of pleomorphic and asymmetric virus particles. It also describes how these methods have significantly added to our understanding of retrovirus capsid assemblies in immature and mature viruses. Additional examples of irregular viruses and their associated proteins, whose structures have been studied via cryo-ET and subtomogram averaging, further support the versatility of these methods.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-08-27
Book Title
Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function
Volume
105
Page
117-159
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Obr M, Schur FK. Structural analysis of pleomorphic and asymmetric viruses using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging. In: Rey FA, ed. Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function. Vol 105. Advances in Virus Research. Elsevier; 2019:117-159. doi:10.1016/bs.aivir.2019.07.008
Obr, M., & Schur, F. K. (2019). Structural analysis of pleomorphic and asymmetric viruses using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging. In F. A. Rey (Ed.), Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function (Vol. 105, pp. 117–159). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aivir.2019.07.008
Obr, Martin, and Florian KM Schur. “Structural Analysis of Pleomorphic and Asymmetric Viruses Using Cryo-Electron Tomography and Subtomogram Averaging.” In Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function, edited by Félix A. Rey, 105:117–59. Advances in Virus Research. Elsevier, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aivir.2019.07.008.
M. Obr and F. K. Schur, “Structural analysis of pleomorphic and asymmetric viruses using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging,” in Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function, vol. 105, F. A. Rey, Ed. Elsevier, 2019, pp. 117–159.
Obr M, Schur FK. 2019. Structural analysis of pleomorphic and asymmetric viruses using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging. Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function. Advances in Virus Research vol. 105. 117–159.
Obr, Martin, and Florian KM Schur. “Structural Analysis of Pleomorphic and Asymmetric Viruses Using Cryo-Electron Tomography and Subtomogram Averaging.” Complementary Strategies to Study Virus Structure and Function, edited by Félix A. Rey, vol. 105, Elsevier, 2019, pp. 117–59, doi:10.1016/bs.aivir.2019.07.008.

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