Thermodynamics of inhomogeneous imperfect quantum gases in harmonic traps

K. Mysliwy, M. Napiórkowski, Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment 2019 (2019) 063101.


Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
We discuss thermodynamic properties of harmonically trapped imperfect quantum gases. The spatial inhomogeneity of these systems imposes a redefinition of the mean-field interparticle potential energy as compared to the homogeneous case. In our approach, it takes the form a 2N2 ωd, where N is the number of particles, ω—the harmonic trap frequency, d—system’s dimensionality, and a is a parameter characterizing the interparticle interaction. We provide arguments that this model corresponds to the limiting case of a long-ranged interparticle potential of vanishingly small amplitude. This conclusion is drawn from a computation similar to the well-known Kac scaling procedure, which is presented here in a form adapted to the case of an isotropic harmonic trap. We show that within the model, the imperfect gas of trapped repulsive bosons undergoes the Bose–Einstein condensation provided d > 1. The main result of our analysis is that in d = 1 the gas of attractive imperfect fermions with a = −aF < 0 is thermodynamically equivalent to the gas of repulsive bosons with a = aB > 0 provided the parameters aF and aB fulfill the relation aB + aF = . This result supplements similar recent conclusion about thermodynamic equivalence of two-dimensional (2D) uniform imperfect repulsive Bose and attractive Fermi gases.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-06-13
Journal Title
Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
Volume
2019
Issue
6
Article Number
063101
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Mysliwy K, Napiórkowski M. Thermodynamics of inhomogeneous imperfect quantum gases in harmonic traps. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment. 2019;2019(6):063101. doi:10.1088/1742-5468/ab190d
Mysliwy, K., & Napiórkowski, M. (2019). Thermodynamics of inhomogeneous imperfect quantum gases in harmonic traps. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2019(6), 063101. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/ab190d
Mysliwy, Krzysztof, and Marek Napiórkowski. “Thermodynamics of Inhomogeneous Imperfect Quantum Gases in Harmonic Traps.” Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment 2019, no. 6 (2019): 063101. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/ab190d.
K. Mysliwy and M. Napiórkowski, “Thermodynamics of inhomogeneous imperfect quantum gases in harmonic traps,” Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, vol. 2019, no. 6, p. 063101, 2019.
Mysliwy K, Napiórkowski M. 2019. Thermodynamics of inhomogeneous imperfect quantum gases in harmonic traps. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment. 2019(6), 063101.
Mysliwy, Krzysztof, and Marek Napiórkowski. “Thermodynamics of Inhomogeneous Imperfect Quantum Gases in Harmonic Traps.” Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, vol. 2019, no. 6, IOP Publishing, 2019, p. 063101, doi:10.1088/1742-5468/ab190d.

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