New optimal control problems in density functional theory motivated by photovoltaics

G. Friesecke, M. Kniely, Multiscale Modeling and Simulation 17 (2019) 926–947.


Journal Article | Published | English
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;
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Abstract
We present and study novel optimal control problems motivated by the search for photovoltaic materials with high power-conversion efficiency. The material must perform the first step: convert light (photons) into electronic excitations. We formulate various desirable properties of the excitations as mathematical control goals at the Kohn-Sham-DFT level of theory, with the control being given by the nuclear charge distribution. We prove that nuclear distributions exist which give rise to optimal HOMO-LUMO excitations, and present illustrative numerical simulations for 1D finite nanocrystals. We observe pronounced goal-dependent features such as large electron-hole separation, and a hierarchy of length scales: internal HOMO and LUMO wavelengths < atomic spacings < (irregular) fluctuations of the doping profiles < system size.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-07-16
Journal Title
Multiscale Modeling and Simulation
Volume
17
Issue
3
Page
926-947
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Friesecke G, Kniely M. New optimal control problems in density functional theory motivated by photovoltaics. Multiscale Modeling and Simulation. 2019;17(3):926-947. doi:10.1137/18M1207272
Friesecke, G., & Kniely, M. (2019). New optimal control problems in density functional theory motivated by photovoltaics. Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, 17(3), 926–947. https://doi.org/10.1137/18M1207272
Friesecke, Gero, and Michael Kniely. “New Optimal Control Problems in Density Functional Theory Motivated by Photovoltaics.” Multiscale Modeling and Simulation 17, no. 3 (2019): 926–47. https://doi.org/10.1137/18M1207272.
G. Friesecke and M. Kniely, “New optimal control problems in density functional theory motivated by photovoltaics,” Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 926–947, 2019.
Friesecke G, Kniely M. 2019. New optimal control problems in density functional theory motivated by photovoltaics. Multiscale Modeling and Simulation. 17(3), 926–947.
Friesecke, Gero, and Michael Kniely. “New Optimal Control Problems in Density Functional Theory Motivated by Photovoltaics.” Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, vol. 17, no. 3, SIAM, 2019, pp. 926–47, doi:10.1137/18M1207272.

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