Friction forces position the neural anlage

M. Smutny, Z. Ákos, S. Grigolon, S. Shamipour, V. Ruprecht, D. Capek, M. Behrndt, E. Papusheva, M. Tada, B. Hof, T. Vicsek, G. Salbreux, C.-P.J. Heisenberg, Nature Cell Biology 19 (2017) 306–317.

Journal Article | Published | English

Scopus indexed
Smutny, MichaelIST Austria ; Ákos, Zsuzsa; Grigolon, Silvia; Shamipour, ShayanIST Austria; Ruprecht, Verena; Capek, DanielIST Austria ; Behrndt, MartinIST Austria; Papusheva, EkaterinaIST Austria; Tada, Masazumi; Hof, BjörnIST Austria ; Vicsek, Tamás; Salbreux, Guillaume
During embryonic development, mechanical forces are essential for cellular rearrangements driving tissue morphogenesis. Here, we show that in the early zebrafish embryo, friction forces are generated at the interface between anterior axial mesoderm (prechordal plate, ppl) progenitors migrating towards the animal pole and neurectoderm progenitors moving in the opposite direction towards the vegetal pole of the embryo. These friction forces lead to global rearrangement of cells within the neurectoderm and determine the position of the neural anlage. Using a combination of experiments and simulations, we show that this process depends on hydrodynamic coupling between neurectoderm and ppl as a result of E-cadherin-mediated adhesion between those tissues. Our data thus establish the emergence of friction forces at the interface between moving tissues as a critical force-generating process shaping the embryo.
Publishing Year
Date Published
Journal Title
Nature Cell Biology
306 - 317

Cite this

Smutny M, Ákos Z, Grigolon S, et al. Friction forces position the neural anlage. Nature Cell Biology. 2017;19:306-317. doi:10.1038/ncb3492
Smutny, M., Ákos, Z., Grigolon, S., Shamipour, S., Ruprecht, V., Capek, D., … Heisenberg, C.-P. J. (2017). Friction forces position the neural anlage. Nature Cell Biology. Nature Publishing Group.
Smutny, Michael, Zsuzsa Ákos, Silvia Grigolon, Shayan Shamipour, Verena Ruprecht, Daniel Capek, Martin Behrndt, et al. “Friction Forces Position the Neural Anlage.” Nature Cell Biology. Nature Publishing Group, 2017.
M. Smutny et al., “Friction forces position the neural anlage,” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 19. Nature Publishing Group, pp. 306–317, 2017.
Smutny M, Ákos Z, Grigolon S, Shamipour S, Ruprecht V, Capek D, Behrndt M, Papusheva E, Tada M, Hof B, Vicsek T, Salbreux G, Heisenberg C-PJ. 2017. Friction forces position the neural anlage. Nature Cell Biology. 19, 306–317.
Smutny, Michael, et al. “Friction Forces Position the Neural Anlage.” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 19, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, pp. 306–17, doi:10.1038/ncb3492.
All files available under the following license(s):
Copyright Statement:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. [...]

Link(s) to Main File(s)
Access Level
OA Open Access


Marked Publications

Open Data IST Research Explorer


PMID: 28346437
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar