Auxin-mediated statolith production for root gravitropism

Y. Zhang, P. He, X. Ma, Z. Yang, C. Pang, J. Yu, G. Wang, J. Friml, G. Xiao, New Phytologist (2019).

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Journal Article | Epub ahead of print | English
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Abstract
Root gravitropism is one of the most important processes allowing plant adaptation to the land environment. Auxin plays a central role in mediating root gravitropism, but how auxin contributes to gravitational perception and the subsequent response is still unclear. Here, we showed that the local auxin maximum/gradient within the root apex, which is generated by the PIN directional auxin transporters, regulates the expression of three key starch granule synthesis genes, SS4, PGM and ADG1, which in turn influence the accumulation of starch granules that serve as a statolith perceiving gravity. Moreover, using the cvxIAA‐ccvTIR1 system, we also showed that TIR1‐mediated auxin signaling is required for starch granule formation and gravitropic response within root tips. In addition, axr3 mutants showed reduced auxin‐mediated starch granule accumulation and disruption of gravitropism within the root apex. Our results indicate that auxin‐mediated statolith production relies on the TIR1/AFB‐AXR3‐mediated auxin signaling pathway. In summary, we propose a dual role for auxin in gravitropism: the regulation of both gravity perception and response.
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Date Published
2019-05-20
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New Phytologist
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Zhang Y, He P, Ma X, et al. Auxin-mediated statolith production for root gravitropism. New Phytologist. 2019. doi:10.1111/nph.15932
Zhang, Y., He, P., Ma, X., Yang, Z., Pang, C., Yu, J., … Xiao, G. (2019). Auxin-mediated statolith production for root gravitropism. New Phytologist. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15932
Zhang, Yuzhou, P He, X Ma, Z Yang, C Pang, J Yu, G Wang, Jiří Friml, and G Xiao. “Auxin-Mediated Statolith Production for Root Gravitropism.” New Phytologist, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15932.
Y. Zhang et al., “Auxin-mediated statolith production for root gravitropism,” New Phytologist, 2019.
Zhang Y, He P, Ma X, Yang Z, Pang C, Yu J, Wang G, Friml J, Xiao G. 2019. Auxin-mediated statolith production for root gravitropism. New Phytologist.
Zhang, Yuzhou, et al. “Auxin-Mediated Statolith Production for Root Gravitropism.” New Phytologist, Wiley, 2019, doi:10.1111/nph.15932.

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PMID: 31111487
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