The distribution of epistasis on simple fitness landscapes

Fraisse C, Welch JJ. 2019. The distribution of epistasis on simple fitness landscapes. Biology Letters. 15(4), 0881.


Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Abstract
Fitness interactions between mutations can influence a population’s evolution in many different ways. While epistatic effects are difficult to measure precisely, important information is captured by the mean and variance of log fitnesses for individuals carrying different numbers of mutations. We derive predictions for these quantities from a class of simple fitness landscapes, based on models of optimizing selection on quantitative traits. We also explore extensions to the models, including modular pleiotropy, variable effect sizes, mutational bias and maladaptation of the wild type. We illustrate our approach by reanalysing a large dataset of mutant effects in a yeast snoRNA (small nucleolar RNA). Though characterized by some large epistatic effects, these data give a good overall fit to the non-epistatic null model, suggesting that epistasis might have limited influence on the evolutionary dynamics in this system. We also show how the amount of epistasis depends on both the underlying fitness landscape and the distribution of mutations, and so is expected to vary in consistent ways between new mutations, standing variation and fixed mutations.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-04-03
Journal Title
Biology Letters
Volume
15
Issue
4
Article Number
0881
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Fraisse C, Welch JJ. The distribution of epistasis on simple fitness landscapes. Biology Letters. 2019;15(4). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2018.0881
Fraisse, C., & Welch, J. J. (2019). The distribution of epistasis on simple fitness landscapes. Biology Letters. Royal Society of London. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2018.0881
Fraisse, Christelle, and John J. Welch. “The Distribution of Epistasis on Simple Fitness Landscapes.” Biology Letters. Royal Society of London, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2018.0881.
C. Fraisse and J. J. Welch, “The distribution of epistasis on simple fitness landscapes,” Biology Letters, vol. 15, no. 4. Royal Society of London, 2019.
Fraisse C, Welch JJ. 2019. The distribution of epistasis on simple fitness landscapes. Biology Letters. 15(4), 0881.
Fraisse, Christelle, and John J. Welch. “The Distribution of Epistasis on Simple Fitness Landscapes.” Biology Letters, vol. 15, no. 4, 0881, Royal Society of London, 2019, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2018.0881.
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