Kosterlitz-Thouless scaling at many-body localization phase transitions

P.T. Dumitrescu, A. Goremykina, S.A. Parameswaran, M. Serbyn, R. Vasseur, Physical Review B 99 (2019).

Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
We propose a scaling theory for the many-body localization (MBL) phase transition in one dimension, building on the idea that it proceeds via a “quantum avalanche.” We argue that the critical properties can be captured at a coarse-grained level by a Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) renormalization group (RG) flow. On phenomenological grounds, we identify the scaling variables as the density of thermal regions and the length scale that controls the decay of typical matrix elements. Within this KT picture, the MBL phase is a line of fixed points that terminates at the delocalization transition. We discuss two possible scenarios distinguished by the distribution of rare, fractal thermal inclusions within the MBL phase. In the first scenario, these regions have a stretched exponential distribution in the MBL phase. In the second scenario, the near-critical MBL phase hosts rare thermal regions that are power-law-distributed in size. This points to the existence of a second transition within the MBL phase, at which these power laws change to the stretched exponential form expected at strong disorder. We numerically simulate two different phenomenological RGs previously proposed to describe the MBL transition. Both RGs display a universal power-law length distribution of thermal regions at the transition with a critical exponent αc=2, and continuously varying exponents in the MBL phase consistent with the KT picture.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-03-22
Journal Title
Physical Review B
Volume
99
Issue
9
Article Number
094205
IST-REx-ID

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Dumitrescu PT, Goremykina A, Parameswaran SA, Serbyn M, Vasseur R. Kosterlitz-Thouless scaling at many-body localization phase transitions. Physical Review B. 2019;99(9). doi:10.1103/physrevb.99.094205
Dumitrescu, P. T., Goremykina, A., Parameswaran, S. A., Serbyn, M., & Vasseur, R. (2019). Kosterlitz-Thouless scaling at many-body localization phase transitions. Physical Review B, 99(9). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.99.094205
Dumitrescu, Philipp T., Anna Goremykina, Siddharth A. Parameswaran, Maksym Serbyn, and Romain Vasseur. “Kosterlitz-Thouless Scaling at Many-Body Localization Phase Transitions.” Physical Review B 99, no. 9 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.99.094205.
P. T. Dumitrescu, A. Goremykina, S. A. Parameswaran, M. Serbyn, and R. Vasseur, “Kosterlitz-Thouless scaling at many-body localization phase transitions,” Physical Review B, vol. 99, no. 9, 2019.
Dumitrescu PT, Goremykina A, Parameswaran SA, Serbyn M, Vasseur R. 2019. Kosterlitz-Thouless scaling at many-body localization phase transitions. Physical Review B. 99(9).
Dumitrescu, Philipp T., et al. “Kosterlitz-Thouless Scaling at Many-Body Localization Phase Transitions.” Physical Review B, vol. 99, no. 9, 094205, American Physical Society (APS), 2019, doi:10.1103/physrevb.99.094205.

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