Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs

N.T. Henderson, S.J. Le Marchand, M. Hruska, S. Hippenmeyer, L. Luo, M.B. Dalva, ELife 8 (2019) e41563.

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Abstract
Cortical networks are characterized by sparse connectivity, with synapses found at only a subset of axo-dendritic contacts. Yet within these networks, neurons can exhibit high connection probabilities, suggesting that cell-intrinsic factors, not proximity, determine connectivity. Here, we identify ephrin-B3 (eB3) as a factor that determines synapse density by mediating a cell-cell competition that requires ephrin-B-EphB signaling. In a microisland culture system designed to isolate cell-cell competition, we find that eB3 determines winning and losing neurons in a contest for synapses. In a Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers (MADM) genetic mouse model system in vivo the relative levels of eB3 control spine density in layer 5 and 6 neurons. MADM cortical neurons in vitro reveal that eB3 controls synapse density independently of action potential-driven activity. Our findings illustrate a new class of competitive mechanism mediated by trans-synaptic organizing proteins which control the number of synapses neurons receive relative to neighboring neurons.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-02-21
Journal Title
eLife
Volume
8
Article Number
e41563
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Henderson NT, Le Marchand SJ, Hruska M, Hippenmeyer S, Luo L, Dalva MB. Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs. eLife. 2019;8:e41563. doi:10.7554/eLife.41563
Henderson, N. T., Le Marchand, S. J., Hruska, M., Hippenmeyer, S., Luo, L., & Dalva, M. B. (2019). Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs. ELife, 8, e41563. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.41563
Henderson, Nathan T., Sylvain J. Le Marchand, Martin Hruska, Simon Hippenmeyer, Liqun Luo, and Matthew B. Dalva. “Ephrin-B3 Controls Excitatory Synapse Density through Cell-Cell Competition for EphBs.” ELife 8 (2019): e41563. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.41563.
N. T. Henderson, S. J. Le Marchand, M. Hruska, S. Hippenmeyer, L. Luo, and M. B. Dalva, “Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs,” eLife, vol. 8, p. e41563, 2019.
Henderson NT, Le Marchand SJ, Hruska M, Hippenmeyer S, Luo L, Dalva MB. 2019. Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs. eLife. 8, e41563.
Henderson, Nathan T., et al. “Ephrin-B3 Controls Excitatory Synapse Density through Cell-Cell Competition for EphBs.” ELife, vol. 8, eLife Sciences Publications, 2019, p. e41563, doi:10.7554/eLife.41563.
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