10.15479/AT:IST-2016-648-v1-1
Pavlogiannis, Andreas
Andreas
Pavlogiannis
Tkadlec, Josef
Josef
Tkadlec
Chatterjee, Krishnendu
Krishnendu
Chatterjee0000-0002-4561-241X
Nowak, Martin
Martin
Nowak
Amplification on undirected population structures: Comets beat stars
IST Austria Technical Report
IST Austria
2016
2018-12-12T11:39:24Z
2020-07-14T23:05:08Z
technical_report
https://research-explorer.app.ist.ac.at/record/5449
https://research-explorer.app.ist.ac.at/record/5449.json
2664-1690
1264221 bytes
application/pdf
The fixation probability is the probability that a new mutant introduced in a homogeneous population eventually takes over the entire population.
The fixation probability is a fundamental quantity of natural selection, and known to depend on the population structure.
Amplifiers of natural selection are population structures which increase the fixation probability of advantageous mutants, as compared to the baseline case of well-mixed populations. In this work we focus on symmetric population structures represented as undirected graphs. In the regime of undirected graphs, the strongest amplifier known has been the Star graph, and the existence of undirected graphs with stronger amplification properties has remained open for over a decade.
In this work we present the Comet and Comet-swarm families of undirected graphs. We show that for a range of fitness values of the mutants, the Comet and Comet-swarm graphs have fixation probability strictly larger than the fixation probability of the Star graph, for fixed population size and at the limit of large populations, respectively.