Prizak, RoshanIST Austria ; Ezard, Thomas ; Hoyle, Rebecca
Transgenerational effects are broader than only parental relationships. Despite mounting evidence that multigenerational effects alter phenotypic and life-history traits, our understanding of how they combine to determine fitness is not well developed because of the added complexity necessary to study them. Here, we derive a quantitative genetic model of adaptation to an extraordinary new environment by an additive genetic component, phenotypic plasticity, maternal and grandmaternal effects. We show how, at equilibrium, negative maternal and negative grandmaternal effects maximize expected population mean fitness. We define negative transgenerational effects as those that have a negative effect on trait expression in the subsequent generation, that is, they slow, or potentially reverse, the expected evolutionary dynamic. When maternal effects are positive, negative grandmaternal effects are preferred. As expected under Mendelian inheritance, the grandmaternal effects have a lower impact on fitness than the maternal effects, but this dual inheritance model predicts a more complex relationship between maternal and grandmaternal effects to constrain phenotypic variance and so maximize expected population mean fitness in the offspring.
Ecology and Evolution
3139 - 3145
Prizak R, Ezard T, Hoyle R. Fitness consequences of maternal and grandmaternal effects. Ecology and Evolution. 2014;4(15):3139-3145. doi:10.1002/ece3.1150
Prizak, R., Ezard, T., & Hoyle, R. (2014). Fitness consequences of maternal and grandmaternal effects. Ecology and Evolution, 4(15), 3139–3145. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1150
Prizak, Roshan, Thomas Ezard, and Rebecca Hoyle. “Fitness Consequences of Maternal and Grandmaternal Effects.” Ecology and Evolution 4, no. 15 (2014): 3139–45. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1150.
R. Prizak, T. Ezard, and R. Hoyle, “Fitness consequences of maternal and grandmaternal effects,” Ecology and Evolution, vol. 4, no. 15, pp. 3139–3145, 2014.
Prizak R, Ezard T, Hoyle R. 2014. Fitness consequences of maternal and grandmaternal effects. Ecology and Evolution. 4(15), 3139–3145.
Prizak, Roshan, et al. “Fitness Consequences of Maternal and Grandmaternal Effects.” Ecology and Evolution, vol. 4, no. 15, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, pp. 3139–45, doi:10.1002/ece3.1150.