A new species of tapir from the Amazon

M. Cozzuol, C. Clozato, E. Holanda, F. Rodrigues, S. Nienow, B. De Thoisy, R.A. Fernandes Redondo, F. Santos, Journal of Mammalogy 94 (2013) 1331–1345.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
All known species of extant tapirs are allopatric: 1 in southeastern Asia and 3 in Central and South America. The fossil record for tapirs, however, is much wider in geographical range, including Europe, Asia, and North and South America, going back to the late Oligocene, making the present distribution a relict of the original one. We here describe a new species of living Tapirus from the Amazon rain forest, the 1st since T. bairdii Gill, 1865, and the 1st new Perissodactyla in more than 100 years, from both morphological and molecular characters. It is shorter in stature than T. terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) and has distinctive skull morphology, and it is basal to the clade formed by T. terrestris and T. pinchaque (Roulin, 1829). This highlights the unrecognized biodiversity in western Amazonia, where the biota faces increasing threats. Local peoples have long recognized our new species, suggesting a key role for traditional knowledge in understanding the biodiversity of the region.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2013-12-01
Journal Title
Journal of Mammalogy
Volume
94
Issue
6
Page
1331 - 1345
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Cozzuol M, Clozato C, Holanda E, et al. A new species of tapir from the Amazon. Journal of Mammalogy. 2013;94(6):1331-1345. doi:10.1644/12-MAMM-A-169.1
Cozzuol, M., Clozato, C., Holanda, E., Rodrigues, F., Nienow, S., De Thoisy, B., … Santos, F. (2013). A new species of tapir from the Amazon. Journal of Mammalogy, 94(6), 1331–1345. https://doi.org/10.1644/12-MAMM-A-169.1
Cozzuol, Mario, Camila Clozato, Elizete Holanda, Flávio Rodrigues, Samuel Nienow, Benoit De Thoisy, Rodrigo A Fernandes Redondo, and Fabrício Santos. “A New Species of Tapir from the Amazon.” Journal of Mammalogy 94, no. 6 (2013): 1331–45. https://doi.org/10.1644/12-MAMM-A-169.1.
M. Cozzuol et al., “A new species of tapir from the Amazon,” Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 1331–1345, 2013.
Cozzuol M, Clozato C, Holanda E, Rodrigues F, Nienow S, De Thoisy B, Fernandes Redondo RA, Santos F. 2013. A new species of tapir from the Amazon. Journal of Mammalogy. 94(6), 1331–1345.
Cozzuol, Mario, et al. “A New Species of Tapir from the Amazon.” Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 94, no. 6, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 1331–45, doi:10.1644/12-MAMM-A-169.1.
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