Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie sie sich ausbreiten und die heimische Fauna verändern

S. Cremer, Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie 46 (2017) 105–116.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
The social insects bees, wasps, ants, and termites are species-rich, occur in many habitats, and often constitute a large part of the biomass. Many are also invasive, including species of termites, the red imported fire ant, and the Argentine ant. While invasive social insects have been a problem in Southern Europe for some time, Central Europa was free of invasive ant species until recently because most ants are adapted to warmer climates. Only in the 1990s, did Lasius neglectus, a close relative of the common black garden ant, arrive in Germany. First described in 1990 based on individuals collected in Budapest, the species has since been detected for example in France, Germany, Spain, England, and Kyrgyzstan. The species is spread with soil during construction work or plantings, and L. neglectus therefore is often found in parks and botanical gardens. Another invasive ant now spreading in southern Germany is Formica fuscocinerea, which occurs along rivers, including in the sandy floodplains of the river Isar. As is typical of pioneer species, F. fuscocinerea quickly becomes extremely abundant and therefore causes problems for example on playgrounds in Munich. All invasive ant species are characterized by cooperation across nests, leading to strongly interconnected, very large super-colonies. The resulting dominance results in the extinction of native ant species as well as other arthropod species and thus in the reduction of biodiversity.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-04-04
Journal Title
Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie
Volume
46
Page
105 - 116
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Cremer S. Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie sie sich ausbreiten und die heimische Fauna verändern. Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie. 2017;46:105-116.
Cremer, S. (2017). Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie sie sich ausbreiten und die heimische Fauna verändern. Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie, 46, 105–116.
Cremer, Sylvia. “Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie Sie Sich Ausbreiten Und Die Heimische Fauna Verändern.” Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie 46 (2017): 105–16.
S. Cremer, “Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie sie sich ausbreiten und die heimische Fauna verändern,” Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie, vol. 46, pp. 105–116, 2017.
Cremer S. 2017. Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie sie sich ausbreiten und die heimische Fauna verändern. Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie. 46, 105–116.
Cremer, Sylvia. “Invasive Ameisen in Europa: Wie Sie Sich Ausbreiten Und Die Heimische Fauna Verändern.” Rundgespräche Forum Ökologie, vol. 46, Pfeil, 2017, pp. 105–16.
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