Autoregulation of mazEF expression underlies growth heterogeneity in bacterial populations

N. Nikolic, T. Bergmiller, A. Vandervelde, T. Albanese, L. Gelens, I. Moll, Nucleic Acids Research 46 (2018) 2918–2931.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
The MazF toxin sequence-specifically cleaves single-stranded RNA upon various stressful conditions, and it is activated as a part of the mazEF toxin–antitoxin module in Escherichia coli. Although autoregulation of mazEF expression through the MazE antitoxin-dependent transcriptional repression has been biochemically characterized, less is known about post-transcriptional autoregulation, as well as how both of these autoregulatory features affect growth of single cells during conditions that promote MazF production. Here, we demonstrate post-transcriptional autoregulation of mazF expression dynamics by MazF cleaving its own transcript. Single-cell analyses of bacterial populations during ectopic MazF production indicated that two-level autoregulation of mazEF expression influences cell-to-cell growth rate heterogeneity. The increase in growth rate heterogeneity is governed by the MazE antitoxin, and tuned by the MazF-dependent mazF mRNA cleavage. Also, both autoregulatory features grant rapid exit from the stress caused by mazF overexpression. Time-lapse microscopy revealed that MazF-mediated cleavage of mazF mRNA leads to increased temporal variability in length of individual cells during ectopic mazF overexpression, as explained by a stochastic model indicating that mazEF mRNA cleavage underlies temporal fluctuations in MazF levels during stress.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-04-06
Journal Title
Nucleic Acids Research
Volume
46
Issue
6
Page
2918-2931
IST-REx-ID

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Nikolic N, Bergmiller T, Vandervelde A, Albanese T, Gelens L, Moll I. Autoregulation of mazEF expression underlies growth heterogeneity in bacterial populations. Nucleic Acids Research. 2018;46(6):2918-2931. doi:10.1093/nar/gky079
Nikolic, N., Bergmiller, T., Vandervelde, A., Albanese, T., Gelens, L., & Moll, I. (2018). Autoregulation of mazEF expression underlies growth heterogeneity in bacterial populations. Nucleic Acids Research, 46(6), 2918–2931. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gky079
Nikolic, Nela, Tobias Bergmiller, Alexandra Vandervelde, Tanino Albanese, Lendert Gelens, and Isabella Moll. “Autoregulation of MazEF Expression Underlies Growth Heterogeneity in Bacterial Populations.” Nucleic Acids Research 46, no. 6 (2018): 2918–31. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gky079.
N. Nikolic, T. Bergmiller, A. Vandervelde, T. Albanese, L. Gelens, and I. Moll, “Autoregulation of mazEF expression underlies growth heterogeneity in bacterial populations,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 2918–2931, 2018.
Nikolic N, Bergmiller T, Vandervelde A, Albanese T, Gelens L, Moll I. 2018. Autoregulation of mazEF expression underlies growth heterogeneity in bacterial populations. Nucleic Acids Research. 46(6), 2918–2931.
Nikolic, Nela, et al. “Autoregulation of MazEF Expression Underlies Growth Heterogeneity in Bacterial Populations.” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 46, no. 6, Oxford University Press, 2018, pp. 2918–31, doi:10.1093/nar/gky079.
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