This paper investigates the dynamic behaviour of hybrid zones which are maintained by a balance between dispersal and selection against hybrids. In the first section it is shown that a hybrid zone involving a single locus can move in response to a selective imbalance between the two homozygotes, and also to variation in population density and dispersal rate. It can be trapped by natural barriers, and so an allele which is selected against when rare cannot advance, even if it is advantageous when common. The continuous model used in deriving these results is shown to be a good approximation to the stepping-stone model, provided that the cline contains several demes. The effect of stochastic forces on multi-locus hybrid zones is then considered. An expression giving the shift in position after an arbitrary perturbation in gamete frequency is derived. Using this formula, it is found that sampling drift is negligible unless the zone includes few organisms and involves few loci. Random variations in population structure are the dominant force, and could allow considerable movement in an even environment. However, natural barriers can still trap hybrid zones, and so it is likely that they will remain roughly where they first formed.
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Barton NH. The dynamics of hybrid zones. Heredity. 1979;43(3):341-359. doi:10.1038/hdy.1979.87
Barton, N. H. (1979). The dynamics of hybrid zones. Heredity, 43(3), 341–359. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1979.87
Barton, Nicholas H. “The Dynamics of Hybrid Zones.” Heredity 43, no. 3 (1979): 341–59. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1979.87.
N. H. Barton, “The dynamics of hybrid zones,” Heredity, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 341–359, 1979.
Barton NH. 1979. The dynamics of hybrid zones. Heredity. 43(3), 341–359.
Barton, Nicholas H. “The Dynamics of Hybrid Zones.” Heredity, vol. 43, no. 3, Nature Publishing Group, 1979, pp. 341–59, doi:10.1038/hdy.1979.87.