Ivy cells: A population of nitric-oxide-producing, slow-spiking GABAergic neurons and their involvement in hippocampal network activity

P. Fuentealba, R. Begum, M. Capogna, S. Jinno, L. Marton, J.L. Csicsvari, A. Thomson, P. Somogyi, T. Klausberger, Neuron 57 (2008) 917–929.

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Abstract
In the cerebral cortex, GABAergic interneurons are often regarded as fast-spiking cells. We have identified a type of slow-spiking interneuron that offers distinct contributions to network activity. “Ivy” cells, named after their dense and fine axons innervating mostly basal and oblique pyramidal cell dendrites, are more numerous than the parvalbumin-expressing basket, bistratified, or axo-axonic cells. Ivy cells express nitric oxide synthase, neuropeptide Y, and high levels of GABA(A) receptor alpha 1 subunit; they discharge at a low frequency with wide spikes in vivo, yet are distinctively phase-locked to behaviorally relevant network rhythms including theta, gamma, and ripple oscillations. Paired recordings in vitro showed that Ivy cells receive depressing EPSPs from pyramidal cells, which in turn receive slowly rising and decaying inhibitory input from Ivy cells. In contrast to fast-spiking interneurons operating with millisecond precision, the highly abundant Ivy cells express presynaptically acting neuromodulators and regulate the excitability of pyramidal cell dendrites through slowly rising and decaying GABAergic inputs.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2008-03-27
Journal Title
Neuron
Volume
57
Issue
6
Page
917 - 929
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Fuentealba P, Begum R, Capogna M, et al. Ivy cells: A population of nitric-oxide-producing, slow-spiking GABAergic neurons and their involvement in hippocampal network activity. Neuron. 2008;57(6):917-929. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.01.034
Fuentealba, P., Begum, R., Capogna, M., Jinno, S., Marton, L., Csicsvari, J. L., … Klausberger, T. (2008). Ivy cells: A population of nitric-oxide-producing, slow-spiking GABAergic neurons and their involvement in hippocampal network activity. Neuron, 57(6), 917–929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2008.01.034
Fuentealba, Pablo, Rahima Begum, Marco Capogna, Shozo Jinno, Laszlo Marton, Jozsef L Csicsvari, Alex Thomson, Péter Somogyi, and Thomas Klausberger. “Ivy Cells: A Population of Nitric-Oxide-Producing, Slow-Spiking GABAergic Neurons and Their Involvement in Hippocampal Network Activity.” Neuron 57, no. 6 (2008): 917–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2008.01.034.
P. Fuentealba et al., “Ivy cells: A population of nitric-oxide-producing, slow-spiking GABAergic neurons and their involvement in hippocampal network activity,” Neuron, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 917–929, 2008.
Fuentealba P, Begum R, Capogna M, Jinno S, Marton L, Csicsvari JL, Thomson A, Somogyi P, Klausberger T. 2008. Ivy cells: A population of nitric-oxide-producing, slow-spiking GABAergic neurons and their involvement in hippocampal network activity. Neuron. 57(6), 917–929.
Fuentealba, Pablo, et al. “Ivy Cells: A Population of Nitric-Oxide-Producing, Slow-Spiking GABAergic Neurons and Their Involvement in Hippocampal Network Activity.” Neuron, vol. 57, no. 6, Elsevier, 2008, pp. 917–29, doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.01.034.

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