Solution-growth and optoelectronic performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell nanowires with tunable shell thickness

J. Fan, R. Zamani, C. Fábrega, A. Shavel, C. Flox, M. Ibáñez, T. Andreu, A. López, J. Arbiol, J. Morante, A. Cabot, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 45 (2012).

Download
No fulltext has been uploaded. References only!

Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Fan, Jiandong; Zamani, Reza; Fábrega, Cristina; Shavel, Alexey; Flox, Cristina; Ibanez Sabate, MariaIST Austria ; Andreu, Teresa; López, Amtonio; Arbiol, Jordi; Morante, Joan; Cabot, Andreu
Abstract
Arrays of vertically aligned ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell nanowires (NWs) were prepared by means of the combination of two solution-growth processes. First, single-crystal ZnO NWs with controlled n-type doping were grown on conducting substrates by a low-cost, high-yield and seed-free electrochemical route. These NWs were covered by a titanium oxide shell of tunable thickness mediating successive adsorption-hydrolysis-condensation steps. Using this atomic-layer growth procedure, titania shells with controlled thickness and the anatase TiO2 phase were obtained after sintering at 450 °C. Higher sintering temperatures resulted in the formation of ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell NWs by the interdiffusion of Zn and Ti ions at the ZnO–TiO2 interface. The performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell NWs towards photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting was investigated as a function of the titania shell thickness. Furthermore, the performance of such core–shell NWs as photoelectrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells was also characterized. The TiO2 presence at the ZnO : Cl surface promoted a two-fold increase on the produced photocurrent densities, probing their potential for PEC and optoelectronic applications. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to corroborate the lower resistance for charge transfer between the NWs and the electrolyte in the presence of the TiO2 shell.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2012-10-17
Journal Title
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Acknowledgement
The research was supported by the European Regional Development Funds and the Spanish MICINN projects MAT2010-15138, MAT2010-21510 and CSD2009-00050. JF and AS thank the FI-DGR and BP grants from the Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (AGAUR) from the Catalan Government. MI and AC thank the Spanish MICINN for the PhD grant and the financial support through the Ramóny Cajal program.
Volume
45
Issue
41
IST-REx-ID
346

Cite this

Fan J, Zamani R, Fábrega C, et al. Solution-growth and optoelectronic performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell nanowires with tunable shell thickness. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2012;45(41). doi:10.1088/0022-3727/45/41/415301
Fan, J., Zamani, R., Fábrega, C., Shavel, A., Flox, C., Ibáñez, M., … Cabot, A. (2012). Solution-growth and optoelectronic performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell nanowires with tunable shell thickness. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 45(41). https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/45/41/415301
Fan, Jiandong, Reza Zamani, Cristina Fábrega, Alexey Shavel, Cristina Flox, Maria Ibáñez, Teresa Andreu, et al. “Solution-Growth and Optoelectronic Performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 Core–Shell Nanowires with Tunable Shell Thickness.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 45, no. 41 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/45/41/415301.
J. Fan et al., “Solution-growth and optoelectronic performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell nanowires with tunable shell thickness,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 45, no. 41, 2012.
Fan J, Zamani R, Fábrega C, Shavel A, Flox C, Ibáñez M, Andreu T, López A, Arbiol J, Morante J, Cabot A. 2012. Solution-growth and optoelectronic performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 core–shell nanowires with tunable shell thickness. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 45(41).
Fan, Jiandong, et al. “Solution-Growth and Optoelectronic Performance of ZnO : Cl/TiO2 and ZnO : Cl/ZnxTiOy/TiO2 Core–Shell Nanowires with Tunable Shell Thickness.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 45, no. 41, IOP Publishing Ltd., 2012, doi:10.1088/0022-3727/45/41/415301.

Export

Marked Publications

Open Data IST Research Explorer

Search this title in

Google Scholar