The Learning Parity with Noise (LPN) problem has recently found many applications in cryptography as the hardness assumption underlying the constructions of "provably secure" cryptographic schemes like encryption or authentication protocols. Being provably secure means that the scheme comes with a proof showing that the existence of an efficient adversary against the scheme implies that the underlying hardness assumption is wrong. LPN based schemes are appealing for theoretical and practical reasons. On the theoretical side, LPN based schemes offer a very strong security guarantee. The LPN problem is equivalent to the problem of decoding random linear codes, a problem that has been extensively studied in the last half century. The fastest known algorithms run in exponential time and unlike most number-theoretic problems used in cryptography, the LPN problem does not succumb to known quantum algorithms. On the practical side, LPN based schemes are often extremely simple and efficient in terms of code-size as well as time and space requirements. This makes them prime candidates for light-weight devices like RFID tags, which are too weak to implement standard cryptographic primitives like the AES block-cipher. This talk will be a gentle introduction to provable security using simple LPN based schemes as examples. Starting from pseudorandom generators and symmetric key encryption, over secret-key authentication protocols, and, if time admits, touching on recent constructions of public-key identification, commitments and zero-knowledge proofs.
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SOFSEM: Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science
Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic
2012-01-21 – 2012-01-27
Pietrzak KZ. Cryptography from learning parity with noise. In: Vol 7147. Springer; 2012:99-114. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-27660-6_9
Pietrzak, K. Z. (2012). Cryptography from learning parity with noise (Vol. 7147, pp. 99–114). Presented at the SOFSEM: Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27660-6_9
Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. “Cryptography from Learning Parity with Noise,” 7147:99–114. Springer, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27660-6_9.
K. Z. Pietrzak, “Cryptography from learning parity with noise,” presented at the SOFSEM: Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic, 2012, vol. 7147, pp. 99–114.
Pietrzak KZ. 2012. Cryptography from learning parity with noise. SOFSEM: Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, LNCS, vol. 7147. 99–114.
Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. Cryptography from Learning Parity with Noise. Vol. 7147, Springer, 2012, pp. 99–114, doi:10.1007/978-3-642-27660-6_9.