Complementary tuning of Na+ and K+ channel gating underlies fast and energy-efficient action potentials in GABAergic interneuron axons

H. Hu, F. Roth, D.H. Vandael, P.M. Jonas, Neuron 98 (2018) 156–165.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Fast-spiking, parvalbumin-expressing GABAergic interneurons (PV+-BCs) express a complex machinery of rapid signaling mechanisms, including specialized voltage-gated ion channels to generate brief action potentials (APs). However, short APs are associated with overlapping Na+ and K+ fluxes and are therefore energetically expensive. How the potentially vicious combination of high AP frequency and inefficient spike generation can be reconciled with limited energy supply is presently unclear. To address this question, we performed direct recordings from the PV+-BC axon, the subcellular structure where active conductances for AP initiation and propagation are located. Surprisingly, the energy required for the AP was, on average, only ∼1.6 times the theoretical minimum. High energy efficiency emerged from the combination of fast inactivation of Na+ channels and delayed activation of Kv3-type K+ channels, which minimized ion flux overlap during APs. Thus, the complementary tuning of axonal Na+ and K+ channel gating optimizes both fast signaling properties and metabolic efficiency. Hu et al. demonstrate that action potentials in parvalbumin-expressing GABAergic interneuron axons are energetically efficient, which is highly unexpected given their brief duration. High energy efficiency emerges from the combination of fast inactivation of voltage-gated Na+ channels and delayed activation of Kv3 channels in the axon.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-04-04
Journal Title
Neuron
Volume
98
Issue
1
Page
156 - 165
IST-REx-ID

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Hu H, Roth F, Vandael DH, Jonas PM. Complementary tuning of Na+ and K+ channel gating underlies fast and energy-efficient action potentials in GABAergic interneuron axons. Neuron. 2018;98(1):156-165. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2018.02.024
Hu, H., Roth, F., Vandael, D. H., & Jonas, P. M. (2018). Complementary tuning of Na+ and K+ channel gating underlies fast and energy-efficient action potentials in GABAergic interneuron axons. Neuron, 98(1), 156–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2018.02.024
Hu, Hua, Fabian Roth, David H Vandael, and Peter M Jonas. “Complementary Tuning of Na+ and K+ Channel Gating Underlies Fast and Energy-Efficient Action Potentials in GABAergic Interneuron Axons.” Neuron 98, no. 1 (2018): 156–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2018.02.024.
H. Hu, F. Roth, D. H. Vandael, and P. M. Jonas, “Complementary tuning of Na+ and K+ channel gating underlies fast and energy-efficient action potentials in GABAergic interneuron axons,” Neuron, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 156–165, 2018.
Hu H, Roth F, Vandael DH, Jonas PM. 2018. Complementary tuning of Na+ and K+ channel gating underlies fast and energy-efficient action potentials in GABAergic interneuron axons. Neuron. 98(1), 156–165.
Hu, Hua, et al. “Complementary Tuning of Na+ and K+ Channel Gating Underlies Fast and Energy-Efficient Action Potentials in GABAergic Interneuron Axons.” Neuron, vol. 98, no. 1, Elsevier, 2018, pp. 156–65, doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2018.02.024.
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