Amontillado, the Drosophila homolog of the prohormone processing protease PC2, is required during embryogenesis and early larval development

L. Rayburn, H. Gooding, S. Choksi, D. Maloney, A. Kidd, D.E. Siekhaus, M. Bender, Genetics 163 (2003) 227–237.

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Abstract
Biosynthesis of most peptide hormones and neuropeptides requires proteolytic excision of the active peptide from inactive proprotein precursors, an activity carried out by subtilisin-like proprotein convertases (SPCs) in constitutive or regulated secretory pathways. The Drosophila amontillado (amon) gene encodes a homolog of the mammalian PC2 protein, an SPC that functions in the regulated secretory pathway in neuroendocrine tissues. We have identified amon mutants by isolating ethylmethanesulfonate (EMS)-induced lethal and visible mutations that define two complementation groups in the amon interval at 97D1 of the third chromosome. DNA sequencing identified the amon complementation group and the DNA sequence change for each of the nine amon alleles isolated. amon mutants display partial embryonic lethality, are defective in larval growth, and arrest during the first to second instar larval molt. Mutant larvae can be rescued by heat-shock-induced expression of the amon protein. Rescued larvae arrest at the subsequent larval molt, suggesting that amon is also required for the second to third instar larval molt. Our data indicate that the amon proprotein convertase is required during embryogenesis and larval development in Drosophila and support the hypothesis that AMON acts to proteolytically process peptide hormones that regulate hatching, larval growth, and larval ecdysis.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2003-01-01
Journal Title
Genetics
Volume
163
Issue
1
Page
227 - 237
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Rayburn L, Gooding H, Choksi S, et al. Amontillado, the Drosophila homolog of the prohormone processing protease PC2, is required during embryogenesis and early larval development. Genetics. 2003;163(1):227-237.
Rayburn, L., Gooding, H., Choksi, S., Maloney, D., Kidd, A., Siekhaus, D. E., & Bender, M. (2003). Amontillado, the Drosophila homolog of the prohormone processing protease PC2, is required during embryogenesis and early larval development. Genetics, 163(1), 227–237.
Rayburn, Lowell, Holly Gooding, Semil Choksi, Dhea Maloney, Ambrose Kidd, Daria E Siekhaus, and Michael Bender. “Amontillado, the Drosophila Homolog of the Prohormone Processing Protease PC2, Is Required during Embryogenesis and Early Larval Development.” Genetics 163, no. 1 (2003): 227–37.
L. Rayburn et al., “Amontillado, the Drosophila homolog of the prohormone processing protease PC2, is required during embryogenesis and early larval development,” Genetics, vol. 163, no. 1, pp. 227–237, 2003.
Rayburn L, Gooding H, Choksi S, Maloney D, Kidd A, Siekhaus DE, Bender M. 2003. Amontillado, the Drosophila homolog of the prohormone processing protease PC2, is required during embryogenesis and early larval development. Genetics. 163(1), 227–237.
Rayburn, Lowell, et al. “Amontillado, the Drosophila Homolog of the Prohormone Processing Protease PC2, Is Required during Embryogenesis and Early Larval Development.” Genetics, vol. 163, no. 1, Genetics Society of America, 2003, pp. 227–37.

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