Łangowski, Łukasz ; Růžička, Kamil ; Naramoto, Satoshi ; Kleine-Vehn, Jürgen ; Friml, JiríIST Austria
In animals, the interface between organism and environment is constituted by the epithelium . In plants, the exchange of nutrients and signals between root and soil is crucial for their survival, but the cellular mechanisms underlying the epithelium-like function and specific localization of proteins to the root surface have not been identified . Here we analyze the mechanism of polar delivery to the root-soil interface of the proteins BOR4, ABCG37, and PEN3, which transport nutrients , transport plant hormones, and are required for pathogen defense , respectively. The simultaneous visualization of these proteins and the apical and basal cargos in a single cell demonstrates that the outermost cell side represents an additional polar domain. Delivery to this outer polar domain depends on ARF GEF  and actin [5-8] function but does not require known molecular components of the apical or basal targeting. The outer polar delivery is, in contrast to known basal and apical cargos [9, 10], mediated by the polar secretion. Our findings show that the outermost cell membranes of roots define an additional polar domain in plant cells along with a specific, previously uncharacterized, polar targeting mechanism that is important for defining the functional, epithelium-like root-soil interface.
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Łangowski Ł, Růžička K, Naramoto S, Kleine Vehn J, Friml J. Trafficking to the outer polar domain defines the root soil interface. Current Biology. 2010;20(10):904-908. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.059
Łangowski, Ł., Růžička, K., Naramoto, S., Kleine Vehn, J., & Friml, J. (2010). Trafficking to the outer polar domain defines the root soil interface. Current Biology, 20(10), 904–908. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.059
Łangowski, Łukasz, Kamil Růžička, Satoshi Naramoto, Jürgen Kleine Vehn, and Jirí Friml. “Trafficking to the Outer Polar Domain Defines the Root Soil Interface.” Current Biology 20, no. 10 (2010): 904–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.059.
Ł. Łangowski, K. Růžička, S. Naramoto, J. Kleine Vehn, and J. Friml, “Trafficking to the outer polar domain defines the root soil interface,” Current Biology, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 904–908, 2010.
Łangowski Ł, Růžička K, Naramoto S, Kleine Vehn J, Friml J. 2010. Trafficking to the outer polar domain defines the root soil interface. Current Biology. 20(10), 904–908.
Łangowski, Łukasz, et al. “Trafficking to the Outer Polar Domain Defines the Root Soil Interface.” Current Biology, vol. 20, no. 10, Cell Press, 2010, pp. 904–08, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.059.