Intracellular trafficking and proteolysis of the Arabidopsis auxin-efflux facilitator PIN2 are involved in root gravitropism

L. Abas, R. Benjamins, N. Malenica, T. Paciorek, J. Wiśniewska, J. Moulinier Anzola, T. Sieberer, J. Friml, C. Luschnig, Nature Cell Biology 8 (2006) 249–256.

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Abstract
Root gravitropism describes the orientation of root growth along the gravity vector and is mediated by differential cell elongation in the root meristem. This response requires the coordinated, asymmetric distribution of the phytohormone auxin within the root meristem, and depends on the concerted activities of PIN proteins and AUX1 - members of the auxin transport pathway. Here, we show that intracellular trafficking and proteasome activity combine to control PIN2 degradation during root gravitropism. Following gravi-stimulation, proteasome-dependent variations in PIN2 localization and degradation at the upper and lower sides of the root result in asymmetric distribution of PIN2. Ubiquitination of PIN2 occurs in a proteasome-dependent manner, indicating that the proteasome is involved in the control of PIN2 turnover. Stabilization of PIN2 affects its abundance and distribution, and leads to defects in auxin distribution and gravitropic responses. We describe the effects of auxin on PIN2 localization and protein levels, indicating that redistribution of auxin during the gravitropic response may be involved in the regulation of PIN2 protein.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2006-03-01
Journal Title
Nature Cell Biology
Volume
8
Issue
3
Page
249 - 256
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Abas L, Benjamins R, Malenica N, et al. Intracellular trafficking and proteolysis of the Arabidopsis auxin-efflux facilitator PIN2 are involved in root gravitropism. Nature Cell Biology. 2006;8(3):249-256. doi:10.1038/ncb1369
Abas, L., Benjamins, R., Malenica, N., Paciorek, T., Wiśniewska, J., Moulinier Anzola, J., … Luschnig, C. (2006). Intracellular trafficking and proteolysis of the Arabidopsis auxin-efflux facilitator PIN2 are involved in root gravitropism. Nature Cell Biology, 8(3), 249–256. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb1369
Abas, Lindy, René Benjamins, Nenad Malenica, Tomasz Paciorek, Justyna Wiśniewska, Jeanette Moulinier Anzola, Tobias Sieberer, Jirí Friml, and Christian Luschnig. “Intracellular Trafficking and Proteolysis of the Arabidopsis Auxin-Efflux Facilitator PIN2 Are Involved in Root Gravitropism.” Nature Cell Biology 8, no. 3 (2006): 249–56. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb1369.
L. Abas et al., “Intracellular trafficking and proteolysis of the Arabidopsis auxin-efflux facilitator PIN2 are involved in root gravitropism,” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 249–256, 2006.
Abas L, Benjamins R, Malenica N, Paciorek T, Wiśniewska J, Moulinier Anzola J, Sieberer T, Friml J, Luschnig C. 2006. Intracellular trafficking and proteolysis of the Arabidopsis auxin-efflux facilitator PIN2 are involved in root gravitropism. Nature Cell Biology. 8(3), 249–256.
Abas, Lindy, et al. “Intracellular Trafficking and Proteolysis of the Arabidopsis Auxin-Efflux Facilitator PIN2 Are Involved in Root Gravitropism.” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 8, no. 3, Nature Publishing Group, 2006, pp. 249–56, doi:10.1038/ncb1369.

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