Lohse, Konrad ; Barton, Nick HIST Austria ; Melika, George ; Stone, Graham
Little is known about the stability of trophic relationships in complex natural communities over evolutionary timescales. Here, we use sequence data from 18 nuclear loci to reconstruct and compare the intraspecific histories of major Pleistocene refugial populations in the Middle East, the Balkans and Iberia in a guild of four Chalcid parasitoids (Cecidostiba fungosa, Cecidostiba semifascia, Hobbya stenonota and Mesopolobus amaenus) all attacking Cynipid oak galls. We develop a likelihood method to numerically estimate models of divergence between three populations from multilocus data. We investigate the power of this framework on simulated data, and-using triplet alignments of intronic loci-quantify the support for all possible divergence relationships between refugial populations in the four parasitoids. Although an East to West order of population divergence has highest support in all but one species, we cannot rule out alternative population tree topologies. Comparing the estimated times of population splits between species, we find that one species, M. amaenus, has a significantly older history than the rest of the guild and must have arrived in central Europe at least one glacial cycle prior to other guild members. This suggests that although all four species may share a common origin in the East, they expanded westwards into Europe at different times. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This work was supported by funding from the UK Natural Environment Research Council to KL (NE/I020288/1) and GS (NE/H000038/1, NE/E014453/1, NER/B/504406/1, NER/B/S2003/00856) and a grant from the European Research Council (250152) to NB. We thank Majide Tavakoli, Juli Pujade-Villar and Pablo-Fuentes Utrilla for contributing specimens. Mike Hickerson and three anonymous reviewers gave helpful comments on earlier versions of the manuscript.
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Lohse K, Barton NH, Melika G, Stone G. A likelihood based comparison of population histories in a parasitoid guild. Molecular Ecology. 2012;21(18):4605-4617. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05700.x
Lohse, K., Barton, N. H., Melika, G., & Stone, G. (2012). A likelihood based comparison of population histories in a parasitoid guild. Molecular Ecology, 21(18), 4605–4617. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05700.x
Lohse, Konrad, Nicholas H Barton, George Melika, and Graham Stone. “A Likelihood Based Comparison of Population Histories in a Parasitoid Guild.” Molecular Ecology 21, no. 18 (2012): 4605–17. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05700.x.
K. Lohse, N. H. Barton, G. Melika, and G. Stone, “A likelihood based comparison of population histories in a parasitoid guild,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 21, no. 18, pp. 4605–4617, 2012.
Lohse K, Barton NH, Melika G, Stone G. 2012. A likelihood based comparison of population histories in a parasitoid guild. Molecular Ecology. 21(18), 4605–4617.
Lohse, Konrad, et al. “A Likelihood Based Comparison of Population Histories in a Parasitoid Guild.” Molecular Ecology, vol. 21, no. 18, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, pp. 4605–17, doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05700.x.