When three is not a crowd a Crossregulation Model of the dynamics and repertoire selection of regulatory CD4 T cells

J. Carneiro, K. Leon, Í. Caramalho, C. Van Den Dool, R. Gardner, V. Oliveira, M. Bergman, N. Sepúlveda, T. Paixao, J. Faro, J. Demengeot, Immunological Reviews 216 (2007) 48–68.

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Abstract
Summary: Regulatory CD4+ T cells, enriched in the CD25 pool of healthy individuals, mediate natural tolerance and prevent autoimmune diseases. Despite their fundamental and potential clinical significance, regulatory T (TR) cells have not yet been incorporated in a coherent theory of the immune system. This article reviews experimental evidence and theoretical arguments supporting a model of TR cell dynamics, uncovering some of its most relevant biological implications. According to this model, the persistence and expansion of TR cell populations depend strictly on specific interactions they make with antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and conventional effector T (TE) cells. This three-partner crossregulation imposes that TR cells feed on the specific autoimmune activities they suppress, with implications ranging from their interactions with other cells to their repertoire selection in the periphery and in the thymus, and to the relationship between these cells and the innate immune system. These implications stem from the basic prediction that the peripheral dynamics sort the CD4+ T-cell repertoire into two subsets: a less diverse set of small clones of autoreactive effector and regulatory cells that regulate each other’s growth, and a more diverse set of barely autoreactive TE cell clones, whose expansion is limited only by APC availability. It is argued that such partitioning of the repertoire sets the ground for self–non-self discrimination.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2007-01-01
Journal Title
Immunological Reviews
Volume
216
Issue
1
Page
48 - 68
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Carneiro J, Leon K, Caramalho Í, et al. When three is not a crowd a Crossregulation Model of the dynamics and repertoire selection of regulatory CD4 T cells. Immunological Reviews. 2007;216(1):48-68. doi:10.1111/j.1600-065X.2007.00487.x
Carneiro, J., Leon, K., Caramalho, Í., Van Den Dool, C., Gardner, R., Oliveira, V., … Demengeot, J. (2007). When three is not a crowd a Crossregulation Model of the dynamics and repertoire selection of regulatory CD4 T cells. Immunological Reviews, 216(1), 48–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065X.2007.00487.x
Carneiro, Jorge, Kalet Leon, Íris Caramalho, Carline Van Den Dool, Rui Gardner, Vanessa Oliveira, Marie Bergman, et al. “When Three Is Not a Crowd a Crossregulation Model of the Dynamics and Repertoire Selection of Regulatory CD4 T Cells.” Immunological Reviews 216, no. 1 (2007): 48–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065X.2007.00487.x.
J. Carneiro et al., “When three is not a crowd a Crossregulation Model of the dynamics and repertoire selection of regulatory CD4 T cells,” Immunological Reviews, vol. 216, no. 1, pp. 48–68, 2007.
Carneiro J, Leon K, Caramalho Í, Van Den Dool C, Gardner R, Oliveira V, Bergman M, Sepúlveda N, Paixao T, Faro J, Demengeot J. 2007. When three is not a crowd a Crossregulation Model of the dynamics and repertoire selection of regulatory CD4 T cells. Immunological Reviews. 216(1), 48–68.
Carneiro, Jorge, et al. “When Three Is Not a Crowd a Crossregulation Model of the Dynamics and Repertoire Selection of Regulatory CD4 T Cells.” Immunological Reviews, vol. 216, no. 1, Wiley-Blackwell, 2007, pp. 48–68, doi:10.1111/j.1600-065X.2007.00487.x.

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