In the vibrant field of optogenetics, optics and genetic targeting are combined to commandeer cellular functions, such as the neuronal action potential, by optically stimulating light-sensitive ion channels expressed in the cell membrane. One broadly applicable manifestation of this approach are covalently attached photochromic tethered ligands (PTLs) that allow activating ligand-gated ion channels with outstanding spatial and temporal resolution. Here, we describe all steps towards the successful development and application of PTL-gated ion channels in cell lines and primary cells. The basis for these experiments forms a combination of molecular modeling, genetic engineering, cell culture, and electrophysiology. The light-gated glutamate receptor (LiGluR), which consists of the PTL-functionalized GluK2 receptor, serves as a model.
Methods in Molecular Biology
417 - 435
Szobota S, Mckenzie C, Janovjak HL. Optical control of ligand-gated ion channels. Methods in Molecular Biology. 2013;998:417-435. doi:10.1007/978-1-62703-351-0_32
Szobota, S., Mckenzie, C., & Janovjak, H. L. (2013). Optical control of ligand-gated ion channels. Methods in Molecular Biology. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-351-0_32
Szobota, Stephanie, Catherine Mckenzie, and Harald L Janovjak. “Optical Control of Ligand-Gated Ion Channels.” Methods in Molecular Biology. Springer, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-351-0_32.
S. Szobota, C. Mckenzie, and H. L. Janovjak, “Optical control of ligand-gated ion channels,” Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 998. Springer, pp. 417–435, 2013.
Szobota S, Mckenzie C, Janovjak HL. 2013. Optical control of ligand-gated ion channels. Methods in Molecular Biology. 998, 417–435.
Szobota, Stephanie, et al. “Optical Control of Ligand-Gated Ion Channels.” Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 998, Springer, 2013, pp. 417–35, doi:10.1007/978-1-62703-351-0_32.