High-precision Taylor-Couette experiment to study subcritical transitions and the role of boundary conditions and size effects

K. Avila, B. Hof, Review of Scientific Instruments 84 (2013).

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
A novel Taylor-Couette system has been constructed for investigations of transitional as well as high Reynolds number turbulent flows in very large aspect ratios. The flexibility of the setup enables studies of a variety of problems regarding hydrodynamic instabilities and turbulence in rotating flows. The inner and outer cylinders and the top and bottom endplates can be rotated independently with rotation rates of up to 30 Hz, thereby covering five orders of magnitude in Reynolds numbers (Re = 101-106). The radius ratio can be easily changed, the highest realized one is η = 0.98 corresponding to an aspect ratio of 260 gap width in the vertical and 300 in the azimuthal direction. For η < 0.98 the aspect ratio can be dynamically changed during measurements and complete transparency in the radial direction over the full length of the cylinders is provided by the usage of a precision glass inner cylinder. The temperatures of both cylinders are controlled independently. Overall this apparatus combines an unmatched variety in geometry, rotation rates, and temperatures, which is provided by a sophisticated high-precision bearing system. Possible applications are accurate studies of the onset of turbulence and spatio-temporal intermittent flow patterns in very large domains, transport processes of turbulence at high Re, the stability of Keplerian flows for different boundary conditions, and studies of baroclinic instabilities.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2013-06-06
Journal Title
Review of Scientific Instruments
Volume
84
Issue
6
Article Number
065106
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Avila K, Hof B. High-precision Taylor-Couette experiment to study subcritical transitions and the role of boundary conditions and size effects. Review of Scientific Instruments. 2013;84(6). doi:10.1063/1.4807704
Avila, K., & Hof, B. (2013). High-precision Taylor-Couette experiment to study subcritical transitions and the role of boundary conditions and size effects. Review of Scientific Instruments, 84(6). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4807704
Avila, Kerstin, and Björn Hof. “High-Precision Taylor-Couette Experiment to Study Subcritical Transitions and the Role of Boundary Conditions and Size Effects.” Review of Scientific Instruments 84, no. 6 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4807704.
K. Avila and B. Hof, “High-precision Taylor-Couette experiment to study subcritical transitions and the role of boundary conditions and size effects,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 84, no. 6, 2013.
Avila K, Hof B. 2013. High-precision Taylor-Couette experiment to study subcritical transitions and the role of boundary conditions and size effects. Review of Scientific Instruments. 84(6).
Avila, Kerstin, and Björn Hof. “High-Precision Taylor-Couette Experiment to Study Subcritical Transitions and the Role of Boundary Conditions and Size Effects.” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 84, no. 6, 065106, American Institute of Physics, 2013, doi:10.1063/1.4807704.

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