@article{2784,
abstract = {We report the results of an experimental study of magnetohydrodynamic damping of sidewall convection in a rectangular enclosure filled with gallium. In particular we investigate the suppression of convection when a steady magnetic field is applied separately in each of the three principal directions of the flow. The strongest damping of the steady flow is found for a vertical magnetic field, which is in agreement with theory. However, we observe that the application of a field transverse to the flow provides greater damping than a longitudinal one, which seems to contradict available theory. We provide a possible resolution of this apparent dichotomy in terms of the length scale of the experiment.},
author = {Björn Hof and Juel, Anne and Mullin, Tom P},
journal = {Journal of Fluid Mechanics},
pages = {163 -- 179},
publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
title = {{Magnetohydrodynamic damping of convective flows in molten gallium}},
doi = {10.1017/S0022112003004014},
volume = {482},
year = {2003},
}