Lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) release extracellular chemokines to guide the migration of dendritic cells. In this study, we report that LECs also release basolateral exosome-rich endothelial vesicles (EEVs) that are secreted in greater numbers in the presence of inflammatory cytokines and accumulate in the perivascular stroma of small lymphatic vessels in human chronic inflammatory diseases. Proteomic analyses of EEV fractions identified > 1,700 cargo proteins and revealed a dominant motility-promoting protein signature. In vitro and ex vivo EEV fractions augmented cellular protrusion formation in a CX3CL1/fractalkine-dependent fashion and enhanced the directional migratory response of human dendritic cells along guidance cues. We conclude that perilymphatic LEC exosomes enhance exploratory behavior and thus promote directional migration of CX3CR1-expressing cells in complex tissue environments.
Journal of Cell Biology
M. Brown was supported by the Cell Communication in Health and Disease Graduate Study Program of the Austrian Science Fund and Medizinische Universität Wien, M. Sixt by the European Research Council (ERC GA 281556) and an Austrian Science Fund START award, K.L. Bennett by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, D.G. Jackson and L.A. Johnson by Unit Funding (MC_UU_12010/2) and project grants from the Medical Research Council (G1100134 and MR/L008610/1), and M. Detmar by the Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung and Advanced European Research Council grant LYVICAM. K. Vaahtomeri was supported by an Academy of Finland postdoctoral research grant (287853). This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 668036 (RELENT).
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Brown M, Johnson L, Leone D, et al. Lymphatic exosomes promote dendritic cell migration along guidance cues. Journal of Cell Biology. 2018;217(6). doi:10.1083/jcb.201612051
Brown, M., Johnson, L., Leone, D., Májek, P., Vaahtomeri, K., Senfter, D., … Kerjaschki, D. (2018). Lymphatic exosomes promote dendritic cell migration along guidance cues. Journal of Cell Biology, 217(6). https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201612051
Brown, Markus, Louise Johnson, Dario Leone, Peter Májek, Kari Vaahtomeri, Daniel Senfter, Nora Bukosza, et al. “Lymphatic Exosomes Promote Dendritic Cell Migration along Guidance Cues.” Journal of Cell Biology 217, no. 6 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201612051.
M. Brown et al., “Lymphatic exosomes promote dendritic cell migration along guidance cues,” Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 217, no. 6, 2018.
Brown M, Johnson L, Leone D, Májek P, Vaahtomeri K, Senfter D, Bukosza N, Schachner H, Asfour G, Langer B, Hauschild R, Parapatics K, Hong Y, Bennett K, Kain R, Detmar M, Sixt MK, Jackson D, Kerjaschki D. 2018. Lymphatic exosomes promote dendritic cell migration along guidance cues. Journal of Cell Biology. 217(6).
Brown, Markus, et al. “Lymphatic Exosomes Promote Dendritic Cell Migration along Guidance Cues.” Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 217, no. 6, Rockefeller University Press, 2018, doi:10.1083/jcb.201612051.