Cadherins are transmembrane proteins that mediate cell–cell adhesion in animals. By regulating contact formation and stability, cadherins play a crucial role in tissue morphogenesis and homeostasis. Here, we review the three major unctions of cadherins in cell–cell contact formation and stability. Two of those functions lead to a decrease in interfacial ension at the forming cell–cell contact, thereby promoting contact expansion — first, by providing adhesion tension that lowers interfacial tension at the cell–cell contact, and second, by signaling to the actomyosin cytoskeleton in order to reduce cortex tension and thus interfacial tension at the contact. The third function of cadherins in cell–cell contact formation is to stabilize the contact by resisting mechanical forces that pull on the contact.
R626 - R633
Maître J-L, Heisenberg C-PJ. Three functions of cadherins in cell adhesion. Current Biology. 2013;23(14):R626-R633. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.06.019
Maître, J.-L., & Heisenberg, C.-P. J. (2013). Three functions of cadherins in cell adhesion. Current Biology, 23(14), R626–R633. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.06.019
Maître, Jean-Léon, and Carl-Philipp J Heisenberg. “Three Functions of Cadherins in Cell Adhesion.” Current Biology 23, no. 14 (2013): R626–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.06.019.
J.-L. Maître and C.-P. J. Heisenberg, “Three functions of cadherins in cell adhesion,” Current Biology, vol. 23, no. 14, pp. R626–R633, 2013.
Maître J-L, Heisenberg C-PJ. 2013. Three functions of cadherins in cell adhesion. Current Biology. 23(14), R626–R633.
Maître, Jean-Léon, and Carl-Philipp J. Heisenberg. “Three Functions of Cadherins in Cell Adhesion.” Current Biology, vol. 23, no. 14, Cell Press, 2013, pp. R626–33, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.06.019.
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