# Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for rotating Bose gases

Lieb É, Seiringer R. 2006. Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for rotating Bose gases. Communications in Mathematical Physics. 264(2), 505–537.

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Author

Lieb, Élliott H;
Seiringer, Robert

^{IST Austria}^{}Abstract

We prove that the Gross-Pitaevskii equation correctly describes the ground state energy and corresponding one-particle density matrix of rotating, dilute, trapped Bose gases with repulsive two-body interactions. We also show that there is 100% Bose-Einstein condensation. While a proof that the GP equation correctly describes non-rotating or slowly rotating gases was known for some time, the rapidly rotating case was unclear because the Bose (i.e., symmetric) ground state is not the lowest eigenstate of the Hamiltonian in this case. We have been able to overcome this difficulty with the aid of coherent states. Our proof also conceptually simplifies the previous proof for the slowly rotating case. In the case of axially symmetric traps, our results show that the appearance of quantized vortices causes spontaneous symmetry breaking in the ground state.

Publishing Year

Date Published

2006-01-01

Journal Title

Communications in Mathematical Physics

Volume

264

Issue

2

Page

505 - 537

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### Cite this

Lieb É, Seiringer R. Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for rotating Bose gases.

*Communications in Mathematical Physics*. 2006;264(2):505-537. doi:10.1007/s00220-006-1524-9Lieb, É., & Seiringer, R. (2006). Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for rotating Bose gases.

*Communications in Mathematical Physics*. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-006-1524-9Lieb, Élliott, and Robert Seiringer. “Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii Equation for Rotating Bose Gases.”

*Communications in Mathematical Physics*. Springer, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-006-1524-9.É. Lieb and R. Seiringer, “Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for rotating Bose gases,”

*Communications in Mathematical Physics*, vol. 264, no. 2. Springer, pp. 505–537, 2006.Lieb, Élliott, and Robert Seiringer. “Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii Equation for Rotating Bose Gases.”

*Communications in Mathematical Physics*, vol. 264, no. 2, Springer, 2006, pp. 505–37, doi:10.1007/s00220-006-1524-9.**All files available under the following license(s):**

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