Although plant and animal cells use a similar core mechanism to deliver proteins to the plasma membrane, their different lifestyle, body organization and specific cell structures resulted in the acquisition of regulatory mechanisms that vary in the two kingdoms. In particular, cell polarity regulators do not seem to be conserved, because genes encoding key components are absent in plant genomes. In plants, the broad knowledge on polarity derives from the study of auxin transporters, the PIN-FORMED proteins, in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. In animals, much information is provided from the study of polarity in epithelial cells that exhibit basolateral and luminal apical polarities, separated by tight junctions. In this review, we summarize the similarities and differences of the polarization mechanisms between plants and animals and survey the main genetic approaches that have been used to characterize new genes involved in polarity establishment in plants, including the frequently used forward and reverse genetics screens as well as a novel chemical genetics approach that is expected to overcome the limitation of classical genetics methods.
This work was supported by a grant from the Research Foundation-Flanders (Odysseus).
Kania U, Fendrych M, Friml J. Polar delivery in plants; commonalities and differences to animal epithelial cells. Open Biology. 2014;4(APRIL). doi:10.1098/rsob.140017
Kania, U., Fendrych, M., & Friml, J. (2014). Polar delivery in plants; commonalities and differences to animal epithelial cells. Open Biology, 4(APRIL). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsob.140017
Kania, Urszula, Matyas Fendrych, and Jiřĺ Friml. “Polar Delivery in Plants; Commonalities and Differences to Animal Epithelial Cells.” Open Biology 4, no. APRIL (2014). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsob.140017.
U. Kania, M. Fendrych, and J. Friml, “Polar delivery in plants; commonalities and differences to animal epithelial cells,” Open Biology, vol. 4, no. APRIL, 2014.
Kania U, Fendrych M, Friml J. 2014. Polar delivery in plants; commonalities and differences to animal epithelial cells. Open Biology. 4(APRIL), 140017.
Kania, Urszula, et al. “Polar Delivery in Plants; Commonalities and Differences to Animal Epithelial Cells.” Open Biology, vol. 4, no. APRIL, 140017, Royal Society, 2014, doi:10.1098/rsob.140017.
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