Review and meta-analysis of natural selection in mitochondrial complex I in metazoans

M. Garvin, J. Bielawski, L.A. Sazanov, A. Gharrett, Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 53 (2014) 1–17.

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Abstract
Variation in mitochondrial DNA is often assumed to be neutral and is used to construct the genealogical relationships among populations and species. However, if extant variation is the result of episodes of positive selection, these genealogies may be incorrect, although this information itself may provide biologically and evolutionary meaningful information. In fact, positive Darwinian selection has been detected in the mitochondrial-encoded subunits that comprise complex I from diverse taxa with seemingly dissimilar bioenergetic life histories, but the functional implications of the selected sites are unknown. Complex I produces roughly 40% of the proton flux that is used to synthesize ATP from ADP, and a functional model based on the high-resolution structure of complex I described a unique biomechanical apparatus for proton translocation. We reported positive selection at sites in this apparatus during the evolution of Pacific salmon, and it appeared this was also the case in published reports from other taxa, but a comparison among studies was difficult because different statistical tests were used to detect selection and oftentimes, specific sites were not reported. Here we review the literature of positive selection in mitochondrial genomes, the statistical tests used to detect selection, and the structural and functional models that are currently available to study the physiological implications of selection. We then search for signatures of positive selection among the coding mitochondrial genomes of 237 species with a common set of tests and verify that the ND5 subunit of complex I is a repeated target of positive Darwinian selection in diverse taxa. We propose a novel hypothesis to explain the results based on their bioenergetic life histories and provide a guide for laboratory and field studies to test this hypothesis.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2014-02-01
Journal Title
Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research
Acknowledgement
Funded by University of Alaska Center for Global Change Student Research Cooperative Institute for Alaska Research and the Rasmuson Foundation
Volume
53
Issue
1
Page
1 - 17
IST-REx-ID

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Garvin M, Bielawski J, Sazanov LA, Gharrett A. Review and meta-analysis of natural selection in mitochondrial complex I in metazoans. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. 2014;53(1):1-17. doi:10.1111/jzs.12079
Garvin, M., Bielawski, J., Sazanov, L. A., & Gharrett, A. (2014). Review and meta-analysis of natural selection in mitochondrial complex I in metazoans. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12079
Garvin, Michael, Joseph Bielawski, Leonid A Sazanov, and Anthony Gharrett. “Review and Meta-Analysis of Natural Selection in Mitochondrial Complex I in Metazoans.” Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12079.
M. Garvin, J. Bielawski, L. A. Sazanov, and A. Gharrett, “Review and meta-analysis of natural selection in mitochondrial complex I in metazoans,” Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, vol. 53, no. 1. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1–17, 2014.
Garvin M, Bielawski J, Sazanov LA, Gharrett A. 2014. Review and meta-analysis of natural selection in mitochondrial complex I in metazoans. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. 53(1), 1–17.
Garvin, Michael, et al. “Review and Meta-Analysis of Natural Selection in Mitochondrial Complex I in Metazoans.” Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, vol. 53, no. 1, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, pp. 1–17, doi:10.1111/jzs.12079.

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