Langerhans cell maturation is accompanied by induction of N-cadherin and the transcriptional regulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition ZEB1/2

S. Konradi, N. Yasmin, D. Haslwanter, M. Weber, B. Gesslbauer, M.K. Sixt, H. Strobl, European Journal of Immunology 44 (2014) 553–560.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Konradi, Sabine; Yasmin, Nighat; Haslwanter, Denise; Weber, MicheleIST Austria; Gesslbauer, Bernd; Sixt, Michael KIST Austria ; Strobl, Herbert
Department
Abstract
angerhans cells (LCs) are a unique subset of dendritic cells (DCs) that express epithelial adhesion molecules, allowing them to form contacts with epithelial cells and reside in epidermal/epithelial tissues. The dynamic regulation of epithelial adhesion plays a decisive role in the life cycle of LCs. It controls whether LCs remain immature and sessile within the epidermis or mature and egress to initiate immune responses. So far, the molecular machinery regulating epithelial adhesion molecules during LC maturation remains elusive. Here, we generated pure populations of immature human LCs in vitro to systematically probe for gene-expression changes during LC maturation. LCs down-regulate a set of epithelial genes including E-cadherin, while they upregulate the mesenchymal marker N-cadherin known to facilitate cell migration. In addition, N-cadherin is constitutively expressed by monocyte-derived DCs known to exhibit characteristics of both inflammatory-type and interstitial/dermal DCs. Moreover, the transcription factors ZEB1 and ZEB2 (ZEB is zinc-finger E-box-binding homeobox) are upregulated in migratory LCs. ZEB1 and ZEB2 have been shown to induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and invasive behavior in cancer cells undergoing metastasis. Our results provide the first hint that the molecular EMT machinery might facilitate LC mobilization. Moreover, our study suggests that N-cadherin plays a role during DC migration.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2014-02-01
Journal Title
European Journal of Immunology
Acknowledgement
FWF. Grant Number: P22058-B20
Volume
44
Issue
2
Page
553 - 560
IST-REx-ID

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Konradi S, Yasmin N, Haslwanter D, et al. Langerhans cell maturation is accompanied by induction of N-cadherin and the transcriptional regulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition ZEB1/2. European Journal of Immunology. 2014;44(2):553-560. doi:10.1002/eji.201343681
Konradi, S., Yasmin, N., Haslwanter, D., Weber, M., Gesslbauer, B., Sixt, M. K., & Strobl, H. (2014). Langerhans cell maturation is accompanied by induction of N-cadherin and the transcriptional regulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition ZEB1/2. European Journal of Immunology, 44(2), 553–560. https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201343681
Konradi, Sabine, Nighat Yasmin, Denise Haslwanter, Michele Weber, Bernd Gesslbauer, Michael K Sixt, and Herbert Strobl. “Langerhans Cell Maturation Is Accompanied by Induction of N-Cadherin and the Transcriptional Regulators of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition ZEB1/2.” European Journal of Immunology 44, no. 2 (2014): 553–60. https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201343681.
S. Konradi et al., “Langerhans cell maturation is accompanied by induction of N-cadherin and the transcriptional regulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition ZEB1/2,” European Journal of Immunology, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 553–560, 2014.
Konradi S, Yasmin N, Haslwanter D, Weber M, Gesslbauer B, Sixt MK, Strobl H. 2014. Langerhans cell maturation is accompanied by induction of N-cadherin and the transcriptional regulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition ZEB1/2. European Journal of Immunology. 44(2), 553–560.
Konradi, Sabine, et al. “Langerhans Cell Maturation Is Accompanied by Induction of N-Cadherin and the Transcriptional Regulators of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition ZEB1/2.” European Journal of Immunology, vol. 44, no. 2, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, pp. 553–60, doi:10.1002/eji.201343681.

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