Low-dose sevoflurane promoteshippocampal neurogenesis and facilitates the development of dentate gyrus-dependent learning in neonatal rats

C. Chen, C. Wang, X. Zhao, T. Zhou, D. Xu, Z. Wang, Y. Wang, ASN Neuro 7 (2015).

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Huge body of evidences demonstrated that volatile anesthetics affect the hippocampal neurogenesis and neurocognitive functions, and most of them showed impairment at anesthetic dose. Here, we investigated the effect of low dose (1.8%) sevoflurane on hippocampal neurogenesis and dentate gyrus-dependent learning. Neonatal rats at postnatal day 4 to 6 (P4-6) were treated with 1.8% sevoflurane for 6 hours. Neurogenesis was quantified by bromodeoxyuridine labeling and electrophysiology recording. Four and seven weeks after treatment, the Morris water maze and contextual-fear discrimination learning tests were performed to determine the influence on spatial learning and pattern separation. A 6-hour treatment with 1.8% sevoflurane promoted hippocampal neurogenesis and increased the survival of newborn cells and the proportion of immature granular cells in the dentate gyrus of neonatal rats. Sevoflurane-treated rats performed better during the training days of the Morris water maze test and in contextual-fear discrimination learning test. These results suggest that a subanesthetic dose of sevoflurane promotes hippocampal neurogenesis in neonatal rats and facilitates their performance in dentate gyrus-dependent learning tasks.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2015-04-13
Journal Title
ASN Neuro
Volume
7
Issue
2
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Chen C, Wang C, Zhao X, et al. Low-dose sevoflurane promoteshippocampal neurogenesis and facilitates the development of dentate gyrus-dependent learning in neonatal rats. ASN Neuro. 2015;7(2). doi:10.1177/1759091415575845
Chen, C., Wang, C., Zhao, X., Zhou, T., Xu, D., Wang, Z., & Wang, Y. (2015). Low-dose sevoflurane promoteshippocampal neurogenesis and facilitates the development of dentate gyrus-dependent learning in neonatal rats. ASN Neuro, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/1759091415575845
Chen, Chong, Chao Wang, Xuan Zhao, Tao Zhou, Dao Xu, Zhi Wang, and Ying Wang. “Low-Dose Sevoflurane Promoteshippocampal Neurogenesis and Facilitates the Development of Dentate Gyrus-Dependent Learning in Neonatal Rats.” ASN Neuro 7, no. 2 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1177/1759091415575845.
C. Chen et al., “Low-dose sevoflurane promoteshippocampal neurogenesis and facilitates the development of dentate gyrus-dependent learning in neonatal rats,” ASN Neuro, vol. 7, no. 2, 2015.
Chen C, Wang C, Zhao X, Zhou T, Xu D, Wang Z, Wang Y. 2015. Low-dose sevoflurane promoteshippocampal neurogenesis and facilitates the development of dentate gyrus-dependent learning in neonatal rats. ASN Neuro. 7(2).
Chen, Chong, et al. “Low-Dose Sevoflurane Promoteshippocampal Neurogenesis and Facilitates the Development of Dentate Gyrus-Dependent Learning in Neonatal Rats.” ASN Neuro, vol. 7, no. 2, SAGE, 2015, doi:10.1177/1759091415575845.
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