Which properties of metabolic networks can be derived solely from stoichiometry? Predictive results have been obtained by flux balance analysis (FBA), by postulating that cells set metabolic fluxes to maximize growth rate. Here we consider a generalization of FBA to single-cell level using maximum entropy modeling, which we extend and test experimentally. Specifically, we define for Escherichia coli metabolism a flux distribution that yields the experimental growth rate: the model, containing FBA as a limit, provides a better match to measured fluxes and it makes a wide range of predictions: on flux variability, regulation, and correlations; on the relative importance of stoichiometry vs. optimization; on scaling relations for growth rate distributions. We validate the latter here with single-cell data at different sub-inhibitory antibiotic concentrations. The model quantifies growth optimization as emerging from the interplay of competitive dynamics in the population and regulation of metabolism at the level of single cells.
De Martino D, Mc AA, Bergmiller T, Guet CC, Tkačik G. Statistical mechanics for metabolic networks during steady state growth. Nature Communications. 2018;9(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05417-9
De Martino, D., Mc, A. A., Bergmiller, T., Guet, C. C., & Tkačik, G. (2018). Statistical mechanics for metabolic networks during steady state growth. Nature Communications. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05417-9
De Martino, Daniele, Andersson Anna Mc, Tobias Bergmiller, Calin C Guet, and Gašper Tkačik. “Statistical Mechanics for Metabolic Networks during Steady State Growth.” Nature Communications. Springer Nature, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05417-9.
D. De Martino, A. A. Mc, T. Bergmiller, C. C. Guet, and G. Tkačik, “Statistical mechanics for metabolic networks during steady state growth,” Nature Communications, vol. 9, no. 1. Springer Nature, 2018.
De Martino D, Mc AA, Bergmiller T, Guet CC, Tkačik G. 2018. Statistical mechanics for metabolic networks during steady state growth. Nature Communications. 9(1), 2988.
De Martino, Daniele, et al. “Statistical Mechanics for Metabolic Networks during Steady State Growth.” Nature Communications, vol. 9, no. 1, 2988, Springer Nature, 2018, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05417-9.
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