Chabaud, Mélanie; Heuzé, Mélina; Bretou, Marine; Vargas, Pablo; Maiuri, Paolo; Solanes, Paola; Maurin, Mathieu; Terriac, Emmanuel; Le Berre, Maël; Lankar, Danielle; Piolot, Tristan; Adelstein, Robert
The immune response relies on the migration of leukocytes and on their ability to stop in precise anatomical locations to fulfil their task. How leukocyte migration and function are coordinated is unknown. Here we show that in immature dendritic cells, which patrol their environment by engulfing extracellular material, cell migration and antigen capture are antagonistic. This antagonism results from transient enrichment of myosin IIA at the cell front, which disrupts the back-to-front gradient of the motor protein, slowing down locomotion but promoting antigen capture. We further highlight that myosin IIA enrichment at the cell front requires the MHC class II-associated invariant chain (Ii). Thus, by controlling myosin IIA localization, Ii imposes on dendritic cells an intermittent antigen capture behaviour that might facilitate environment patrolling. We propose that the requirement for myosin II in both cell migration and specific cell functions may provide a general mechanism for their coordination in time and space.
M.C. and M.L.H. were supported by fellowships from the Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale and the Association pour la Recherche contre le Cancer, respectively. This work was funded by grants from the City of Paris and the European Research Council to A.-M.L.-D. (Strapacemi 243103), the Association Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR-09-PIRI-0027-PCVI) and the InnaBiosanté foundation (Micemico) to A.-M.L.-D., M.P. and R.V., and the DCBIOL Labex from the French Government (ANR-10-IDEX-0001-02-PSL* and ANR-11-LABX-0043). The super-resolution SIM microscope was funded through an ERC Advanced Investigator Grant (250367) to Edith Heard (CNRS UMR3215/Inserm U934, Institut Curie).
Chabaud M, Heuzé M, Bretou M, et al. Cell migration and antigen capture are antagonistic processes coupled by myosin II in dendritic cells. Nature Communications. 2015;6. doi:10.1038/ncomms8526
Chabaud, M., Heuzé, M., Bretou, M., Vargas, P., Maiuri, P., Solanes, P., … Lennon Duménil, A. (2015). Cell migration and antigen capture are antagonistic processes coupled by myosin II in dendritic cells. Nature Communications. Nature Publishing Group. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8526
Chabaud, Mélanie, Mélina Heuzé, Marine Bretou, Pablo Vargas, Paolo Maiuri, Paola Solanes, Mathieu Maurin, et al. “Cell Migration and Antigen Capture Are Antagonistic Processes Coupled by Myosin II in Dendritic Cells.” Nature Communications. Nature Publishing Group, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8526.
M. Chabaud et al., “Cell migration and antigen capture are antagonistic processes coupled by myosin II in dendritic cells,” Nature Communications, vol. 6. Nature Publishing Group, 2015.
Chabaud M, Heuzé M, Bretou M, Vargas P, Maiuri P, Solanes P, Maurin M, Terriac E, Le Berre M, Lankar D, Piolot T, Adelstein R, Zhang Y, Sixt MK, Jacobelli J, Bénichou O, Voituriez R, Piel M, Lennon Duménil A. 2015. Cell migration and antigen capture are antagonistic processes coupled by myosin II in dendritic cells. Nature Communications. 6, 7526.
Chabaud, Mélanie, et al. “Cell Migration and Antigen Capture Are Antagonistic Processes Coupled by Myosin II in Dendritic Cells.” Nature Communications, vol. 6, 7526, Nature Publishing Group, 2015, doi:10.1038/ncomms8526.
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