Berrisford, John ; Baradaran, Rozbeh ; Sazanov, Leonid AIST Austria
Complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) plays a central role in cellular energy production, coupling electron transfer between NADH and quinone to proton translocation. It is the largest protein assembly of respiratory chains and one of the most elaborate redox membrane proteins known. Bacterial enzyme is about half the size of mitochondrial and thus provides its important "minimal" model. Dysfunction of mitochondrial complex I is implicated in many human neurodegenerative diseases. The L-shaped complex consists of a hydrophilic arm, where electron transfer occurs, and a membrane arm, where proton translocation takes place. We have solved the crystal structures of the hydrophilic domain of complex I from Thermus thermophilus, the membrane domain from Escherichia coli and recently of the intact, entire complex I from T. thermophilus (536. kDa, 16 subunits, 9 iron-sulphur clusters, 64 transmembrane helices). The 95. Å long electron transfer pathway through the enzyme proceeds from the primary electron acceptor flavin mononucleotide through seven conserved Fe-S clusters to the unusual elongated quinone-binding site at the interface with the membrane domain. Four putative proton translocation channels are found in the membrane domain, all linked by the central flexible axis containing charged residues. The redox energy of electron transfer is coupled to proton translocation by the as yet undefined mechanism proposed to involve long-range conformational changes. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Respiratory complex I, edited by Volker Zickermann and Ulrich Brandt.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
funded by the Medical Research Council (Grant number MC_U105674180)
892 - 901
Berrisford J, Baradaran R, Sazanov LA. Structure of bacterial respiratory complex I. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics. 2016;1857(7):892-901. doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2016.01.012
Berrisford, J., Baradaran, R., & Sazanov, L. A. (2016). Structure of bacterial respiratory complex I. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1857(7), 892–901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2016.01.012
Berrisford, John, Rozbeh Baradaran, and Leonid A Sazanov. “Structure of Bacterial Respiratory Complex I.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics 1857, no. 7 (2016): 892–901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2016.01.012.
J. Berrisford, R. Baradaran, and L. A. Sazanov, “Structure of bacterial respiratory complex I,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, vol. 1857, no. 7, pp. 892–901, 2016.
Berrisford J, Baradaran R, Sazanov LA. 2016. Structure of bacterial respiratory complex I. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics. 1857(7), 892–901.
Berrisford, John, et al. “Structure of Bacterial Respiratory Complex I.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, vol. 1857, no. 7, Elsevier, 2016, pp. 892–901, doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2016.01.012.