The concept of well group in a special but important case captures homological properties of the zero set of a continuous map f from K to R^n on a compact space K that are invariant with respect to perturbations of f. The perturbations are arbitrary continuous maps within L_infty distance r from f for a given r > 0. The main drawback of the approach is that the computability of well groups was shown only when dim K = n or n = 1. Our contribution to the theory of well groups is twofold: on the one hand we improve on the computability issue, but on the other hand we present a range of examples where the well groups are incomplete invariants, that is, fail to capture certain important robust properties of the zero set. For the first part, we identify a computable subgroup of the well group that is obtained by cap product with the pullback of the orientation of R^n by f. In other words, well groups can be algorithmically approximated from below. When f is smooth and dim K < 2n-2, our approximation of the (dim K-n)th well group is exact. For the second part, we find examples of maps f, f' from K to R^n with all well groups isomorphic but whose perturbations have different zero sets. We discuss on a possible replacement of the well groups of vector valued maps by an invariant of a better descriptive power and computability status.
842 - 856
SoCG: Symposium on Computational Geometry
2015-06-22 – 2015-06-25
Franek P, Krcál M. On computability and triviality of well groups. In: Vol 34. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik; 2015:842-856. doi:10.4230/LIPIcs.SOCG.2015.842
Franek, P., & Krcál, M. (2015). On computability and triviality of well groups (Vol. 34, pp. 842–856). Presented at the SoCG: Symposium on Computational Geometry, Eindhoven, Netherlands: Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.SOCG.2015.842
Franek, Peter, and Marek Krcál. “On Computability and Triviality of Well Groups,” 34:842–56. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2015. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.SOCG.2015.842.
P. Franek and M. Krcál, “On computability and triviality of well groups,” presented at the SoCG: Symposium on Computational Geometry, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 2015, vol. 34, pp. 842–856.
Franek P, Krcál M. 2015. On computability and triviality of well groups. SoCG: Symposium on Computational Geometry, LIPIcs, vol. 34. 842–856.
Franek, Peter, and Marek Krcál. On Computability and Triviality of Well Groups. Vol. 34, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2015, pp. 842–56, doi:10.4230/LIPIcs.SOCG.2015.842.
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