Chemokines and integrins independently tune actin flow and substrate friction during intranodal migration of T cells

M. Hons, A. Kopf, R. Hauschild, A.F. Leithner, F.R. Gärtner, J. Abe, J. Renkawitz, J. Stein, M.K. Sixt, Nature Immunology 19 (2018) 606–616.


Journal Article | Published | English
Abstract
Although much is known about the physiological framework of T cell motility, and numerous rate-limiting molecules have been identified through loss-of-function approaches, an integrated functional concept of T cell motility is lacking. Here, we used in vivo precision morphometry together with analysis of cytoskeletal dynamics in vitro to deconstruct the basic mechanisms of T cell migration within lymphatic organs. We show that the contributions of the integrin LFA-1 and the chemokine receptor CCR7 are complementary rather than positioned in a linear pathway, as they are during leukocyte extravasation from the blood vasculature. Our data demonstrate that CCR7 controls cortical actin flows, whereas integrins mediate substrate friction that is sufficient to drive locomotion in the absence of considerable surface adhesions and plasma membrane flux.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-05-18
Journal Title
Nature Immunology
Acknowledgement
This work was funded by grants from the European Research Council (ERC StG 281556 and CoG 724373) and the Austrian Science Foundation (FWF) to M.S. and by Swiss National Foundation (SNF) project grants 31003A_135649, 31003A_153457 and CR23I3_156234 to J.V.S. F.G. received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 747687, and J.R. was funded by an EMBO long-term fellowship (ALTF 1396-2014).
Volume
19
Issue
6
Page
606 - 616
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Hons M, Kopf A, Hauschild R, et al. Chemokines and integrins independently tune actin flow and substrate friction during intranodal migration of T cells. Nature Immunology. 2018;19(6):606-616. doi:10.1038/s41590-018-0109-z
Hons, M., Kopf, A., Hauschild, R., Leithner, A. F., Gärtner, F. R., Abe, J., … Sixt, M. K. (2018). Chemokines and integrins independently tune actin flow and substrate friction during intranodal migration of T cells. Nature Immunology, 19(6), 606–616. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41590-018-0109-z
Hons, Miroslav, Aglaja Kopf, Robert Hauschild, Alexander F Leithner, Florian R Gärtner, Jun Abe, Jörg Renkawitz, Jens Stein, and Michael K Sixt. “Chemokines and Integrins Independently Tune Actin Flow and Substrate Friction during Intranodal Migration of T Cells.” Nature Immunology 19, no. 6 (2018): 606–16. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41590-018-0109-z.
M. Hons et al., “Chemokines and integrins independently tune actin flow and substrate friction during intranodal migration of T cells,” Nature Immunology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 606–616, 2018.
Hons M, Kopf A, Hauschild R, Leithner AF, Gärtner FR, Abe J, Renkawitz J, Stein J, Sixt MK. 2018. Chemokines and integrins independently tune actin flow and substrate friction during intranodal migration of T cells. Nature Immunology. 19(6), 606–616.
Hons, Miroslav, et al. “Chemokines and Integrins Independently Tune Actin Flow and Substrate Friction during Intranodal Migration of T Cells.” Nature Immunology, vol. 19, no. 6, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, pp. 606–16, doi:10.1038/s41590-018-0109-z.

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