# Dyson equation and eigenvalue statistics of random matrices

Alt J. 2018. Dyson equation and eigenvalue statistics of random matrices. IST Austria.

2018_thesis_Alt.pdf 5.80 MB

Thesis | Published | English
Author
Supervisor
Department
Series Title
IST Austria Thesis
Abstract
The eigenvalue density of many large random matrices is well approximated by a deterministic measure, the self-consistent density of states. In the present work, we show this behaviour for several classes of random matrices. In fact, we establish that, in each of these classes, the self-consistent density of states approximates the eigenvalue density of the random matrix on all scales slightly above the typical eigenvalue spacing. For large classes of random matrices, the self-consistent density of states exhibits several universal features. We prove that, under suitable assumptions, random Gram matrices and Hermitian random matrices with decaying correlations have a 1/3-Hölder continuous self-consistent density of states ρ on R, which is analytic, where it is positive, and has either a square root edge or a cubic root cusp, where it vanishes. We, thus, extend the validity of the corresponding result for Wigner-type matrices from [4, 5, 7]. We show that ρ is determined as the inverse Stieltjes transform of the normalized trace of the unique solution m(z) to the Dyson equation −m(z) −1 = z − a + S[m(z)] on C N×N with the constraint Im m(z) ≥ 0. Here, z lies in the complex upper half-plane, a is a self-adjoint element of C N×N and S is a positivity-preserving operator on C N×N encoding the first two moments of the random matrix. In order to analyze a possible limit of ρ for N → ∞ and address some applications in free probability theory, we also consider the Dyson equation on infinite dimensional von Neumann algebras. We present two applications to random matrices. We first establish that, under certain assumptions, large random matrices with independent entries have a rotationally symmetric self-consistent density of states which is supported on a centered disk in C. Moreover, it is infinitely often differentiable apart from a jump on the boundary of this disk. Second, we show edge universality at all regular (not necessarily extreme) spectral edges for Hermitian random matrices with decaying correlations.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-07-12
Page
456
IST-REx-ID

### Cite this

Alt J. Dyson equation and eigenvalue statistics of random matrices. 2018. doi:10.15479/AT:ISTA:TH_1040
Alt, J. (2018). Dyson equation and eigenvalue statistics of random matrices. IST Austria. https://doi.org/10.15479/AT:ISTA:TH_1040
Alt, Johannes. “Dyson Equation and Eigenvalue Statistics of Random Matrices.” IST Austria, 2018. https://doi.org/10.15479/AT:ISTA:TH_1040.
J. Alt, “Dyson equation and eigenvalue statistics of random matrices,” IST Austria, 2018.
Alt J. 2018. Dyson equation and eigenvalue statistics of random matrices. IST Austria.
Alt, Johannes. Dyson Equation and Eigenvalue Statistics of Random Matrices. IST Austria, 2018, doi:10.15479/AT:ISTA:TH_1040.
All files available under the following license(s):
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Main File(s)
File Name
Access Level
Open Access
2019-04-08
MD5 Checksum

Source File
Access Level
Closed Access
2019-04-08
MD5 Checksum
d73fcf46300dce74c403f2b491148ab4

Material in ISTA:
Part of this Dissertation
Part of this Dissertation
Part of this Dissertation
Part of this Dissertation
Part of this Dissertation
Part of this Dissertation
Part of this Dissertation

### Export

Marked Publications

Open Data ISTA Research Explorer