The Chara genome: Secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization

T. Nishiyama, H. Sakayama, J. De Vries, H. Buschmann, D. Saint Marcoux, K. Ullrich, F. Haas, L. Vanderstraeten, D. Becker, D. Lang, S. Vosolsobě, S. Rombauts, P. Wilhelmsson, P. Janitza, R. Kern, A. Heyl, F. Rümpler, L. Calderón Villalobos, J. Clay, R. Skokan, A. Toyoda, Y. Suzuki, H. Kagoshima, E. Schijlen, N. Tajeshwar, B. Catarino, A. Hetherington, A. Saltykova, C. Bonnot, H. Breuninger, A. Symeonidi, G. Radhakrishnan, F. Van Nieuwerburgh, D. Deforce, C. Chang, K. Karol, R. Hedrich, P. Ulvskov, G. Glöckner, C. Delwiche, J. Petrášek, Y. Van De Peer, J. Friml, M. Beilby, L. Dolan, Y. Kohara, S. Sugano, A. Fujiyama, P.M. Delaux, M. Quint, G. Theissen, M. Hagemann, J. Harholt, C. Dunand, S. Zachgo, J. Langdale, F. Maumus, D. Van Der Straeten, S.B. Gould, S. Rensing, Cell 174 (2018) 448–464.e24.


Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Land plants evolved from charophytic algae, among which Charophyceae possess the most complex body plans. We present the genome of Chara braunii; comparison of the genome to those of land plants identified evolutionary novelties for plant terrestrialization and land plant heritage genes. C. braunii employs unique xylan synthases for cell wall biosynthesis, a phragmoplast (cell separation) mechanism similar to that of land plants, and many phytohormones. C. braunii plastids are controlled via land-plant-like retrograde signaling, and transcriptional regulation is more elaborate than in other algae. The morphological complexity of this organism may result from expanded gene families, with three cases of particular note: genes effecting tolerance to reactive oxygen species (ROS), LysM receptor-like kinases, and transcription factors (TFs). Transcriptomic analysis of sexual reproductive structures reveals intricate control by TFs, activity of the ROS gene network, and the ancestral use of plant-like storage and stress protection proteins in the zygote.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-07-12
Journal Title
Cell
Acknowledgement
In-Data-Review
Volume
174
Issue
2
Page
448 - 464.e24
IST-REx-ID

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Nishiyama T, Sakayama H, De Vries J, et al. The Chara genome: Secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization. Cell. 2018;174(2):448-464.e24. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2018.06.033
Nishiyama, T., Sakayama, H., De Vries, J., Buschmann, H., Saint Marcoux, D., Ullrich, K., … Rensing, S. (2018). The Chara genome: Secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization. Cell, 174(2), 448–464.e24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.06.033
Nishiyama, Tomoaki, Hidetoshi Sakayama, Jan De Vries, Henrik Buschmann, Denis Saint Marcoux, Kristian Ullrich, Fabian Haas, et al. “The Chara Genome: Secondary Complexity and Implications for Plant Terrestrialization.” Cell 174, no. 2 (2018): 448–464.e24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.06.033.
T. Nishiyama et al., “The Chara genome: Secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization,” Cell, vol. 174, no. 2, p. 448–464.e24, 2018.
Nishiyama T, Sakayama H, De Vries J, Buschmann H, Saint Marcoux D, Ullrich K, Haas F, Vanderstraeten L, Becker D, Lang D, Vosolsobě S, Rombauts S, Wilhelmsson P, Janitza P, Kern R, Heyl A, Rümpler F, Calderón Villalobos L, Clay J, Skokan R, Toyoda A, Suzuki Y, Kagoshima H, Schijlen E, Tajeshwar N, Catarino B, Hetherington A, Saltykova A, Bonnot C, Breuninger H, Symeonidi A, Radhakrishnan G, Van Nieuwerburgh F, Deforce D, Chang C, Karol K, Hedrich R, Ulvskov P, Glöckner G, Delwiche C, Petrášek J, Van De Peer Y, Friml J, Beilby M, Dolan L, Kohara Y, Sugano S, Fujiyama A, Delaux PM, Quint M, Theissen G, Hagemann M, Harholt J, Dunand C, Zachgo S, Langdale J, Maumus F, Van Der Straeten D, Gould SB, Rensing S. 2018. The Chara genome: Secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization. Cell. 174(2), 448–464.e24.
Nishiyama, Tomoaki, et al. “The Chara Genome: Secondary Complexity and Implications for Plant Terrestrialization.” Cell, vol. 174, no. 2, Cell Press, 2018, p. 448–464.e24, doi:10.1016/j.cell.2018.06.033.

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