Zhu, Jinsheng; Bailly, Aurélien; Zwiewka, Marta; Sovero, Valpuri; Di Donato, Martin; Ge, Pei; Oehri, Jacqueline; Aryal, Bibek; Hao, Pengchao; Linnert, Miriam; Burgardt, Noelia; Lücke, Christian
Plant growth and architecture is regulated by the polar distribution of the hormone auxin. Polarity and flexibility of this process is provided by constant cycling of auxin transporter vesicles along actin filaments, coordinated by a positive auxinactin feedback loop. Both polar auxin transport and vesicle cycling are inhibited by synthetic auxin transport inhibitors, such as 1-Nnaphthylphthalamic acid (NPA), counteracting the effect of auxin; however, underlying targets and mechanisms are unclear. Using NMR, we map the NPA binding surface on the Arabidopsis thaliana ABCB chaperone TWISTED DWARF1 (TWD1).We identify ACTIN7 as a relevant, although likely indirect, TWD1 interactor, and show TWD1-dependent regulation of actin filament organization and dynamics and that TWD1 is required for NPA-mediated actin cytoskeleton remodeling. The TWD1-ACTIN7 axis controls plasma membrane presence of efflux transporters, and as a consequence act7 and twd1 share developmental and physiological phenotypes indicative of defects in auxin transport. These can be phenocopied by NPA treatment or by chemical actin (de)stabilization. We provide evidence that TWD1 determines downstreamlocations of auxin efflux transporters by adjusting actin filament debundling and dynamizing processes and mediating NPA action on the latter. This function appears to be evolutionary conserved since TWD1 expression in budding yeast alters actin polarization and cell polarity and provides NPA sensitivity.
This work was supported by grants from the European Social Fund (CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0043), the Czech Science Foundation GAČR (GA13-40637S) to J.F. and M.Z., the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports of the Czech Republic under the project CEITEC 2020 (LQ1601) to M.Z., the Ministry for Higher Education and Research of Luxembourg (REC-LOCM-20140703) to C.T., the Partial Funding Program for Short Stays Abroad of CONICET Argentina (to N.I.B.), Swiss National Funds, the Pool de Recherche of the University of Fribourg, and the Novartis Foundation (all to M.G.).
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Zhu J, Bailly A, Zwiewka M, et al. TWISTED DWARF1 mediates the action of auxin transport inhibitors on actin cytoskeleton dynamics. Plant Cell. 2016;28(4):930-948. doi:10.1105/tpc.15.00726
Zhu, J., Bailly, A., Zwiewka, M., Sovero, V., Di Donato, M., Ge, P., … Geisler, M. (2016). TWISTED DWARF1 mediates the action of auxin transport inhibitors on actin cytoskeleton dynamics. Plant Cell. American Society of Plant Biologists. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.15.00726
Zhu, Jinsheng, Aurélien Bailly, Marta Zwiewka, Valpuri Sovero, Martin Di Donato, Pei Ge, Jacqueline Oehri, et al. “TWISTED DWARF1 Mediates the Action of Auxin Transport Inhibitors on Actin Cytoskeleton Dynamics.” Plant Cell. American Society of Plant Biologists, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.15.00726.
J. Zhu et al., “TWISTED DWARF1 mediates the action of auxin transport inhibitors on actin cytoskeleton dynamics,” Plant Cell, vol. 28, no. 4. American Society of Plant Biologists, pp. 930–948, 2016.
Zhu J, Bailly A, Zwiewka M, Sovero V, Di Donato M, Ge P, Oehri J, Aryal B, Hao P, Linnert M, Burgardt N, Lücke C, Weiwad M, Michel M, Weiergräber O, Pollmann S, Azzarello E, Mancuso S, Ferro N, Fukao Y, Hoffmann C, Wedlich Söldner R, Friml J, Thomas C, Geisler M. 2016. TWISTED DWARF1 mediates the action of auxin transport inhibitors on actin cytoskeleton dynamics. Plant Cell. 28(4), 930–948.
Zhu, Jinsheng, et al. “TWISTED DWARF1 Mediates the Action of Auxin Transport Inhibitors on Actin Cytoskeleton Dynamics.” Plant Cell, vol. 28, no. 4, American Society of Plant Biologists, 2016, pp. 930–48, doi:10.1105/tpc.15.00726.
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