Are reprogrammed cells a useful tool for studying dopamine dysfunction in psychotic disorders? A review of the current evidence

U. Sauerzopf, R. Sacco, G. Novarino, M. Niello, A. Weidenauer, N. Praschak Rieder, H. Sitte, M. Willeit, European Journal of Neuroscience 45 (2017) 45–57.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Since 2006, reprogrammed cells have increasingly been used as a biomedical research technique in addition to neuro-psychiatric methods. These rapidly evolving techniques allow for the generation of neuronal sub-populations, and have sparked interest not only in monogenetic neuro-psychiatric diseases, but also in poly-genetic and poly-aetiological disorders such as schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BPD). This review provides a summary of 19 publications on reprogrammed adult somatic cells derived from patients with SCZ, and five publications using this technique in patients with BPD. As both disorders are complex and heterogeneous, there is a plurality of hypotheses to be tested in vitro. In SCZ, data on alterations of dopaminergic transmission in vitro are sparse, despite the great explanatory power of the so-called DA hypothesis of SCZ. Some findings correspond to perturbations of cell energy metabolism, and observations in reprogrammed cells suggest neuro-developmental alterations. Some studies also report on the efficacy of medicinal compounds to revert alterations observed in cellular models. However, due to the paucity of replication studies, no comprehensive conclusions can be drawn from studies using reprogrammed cells at the present time. In the future, findings from cell culture methods need to be integrated with clinical, epidemiological, pharmacological and imaging data in order to generate a more comprehensive picture of SCZ and BPD.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-01-01
Journal Title
European Journal of Neuroscience
Volume
45
Issue
1
Page
45 - 57
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Sauerzopf U, Sacco R, Novarino G, et al. Are reprogrammed cells a useful tool for studying dopamine dysfunction in psychotic disorders? A review of the current evidence. European Journal of Neuroscience. 2017;45(1):45-57. doi:10.1111/ejn.13418
Sauerzopf, U., Sacco, R., Novarino, G., Niello, M., Weidenauer, A., Praschak Rieder, N., … Willeit, M. (2017). Are reprogrammed cells a useful tool for studying dopamine dysfunction in psychotic disorders? A review of the current evidence. European Journal of Neuroscience, 45(1), 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.13418
Sauerzopf, Ulrich, Roberto Sacco, Gaia Novarino, Marco Niello, Ana Weidenauer, Nicole Praschak Rieder, Harald Sitte, and Matthaeus Willeit. “Are Reprogrammed Cells a Useful Tool for Studying Dopamine Dysfunction in Psychotic Disorders? A Review of the Current Evidence.” European Journal of Neuroscience 45, no. 1 (2017): 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.13418.
U. Sauerzopf et al., “Are reprogrammed cells a useful tool for studying dopamine dysfunction in psychotic disorders? A review of the current evidence,” European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 45–57, 2017.
Sauerzopf U, Sacco R, Novarino G, Niello M, Weidenauer A, Praschak Rieder N, Sitte H, Willeit M. 2017. Are reprogrammed cells a useful tool for studying dopamine dysfunction in psychotic disorders? A review of the current evidence. European Journal of Neuroscience. 45(1), 45–57.
Sauerzopf, Ulrich, et al. “Are Reprogrammed Cells a Useful Tool for Studying Dopamine Dysfunction in Psychotic Disorders? A Review of the Current Evidence.” European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 45, no. 1, Wiley-Blackwell, 2017, pp. 45–57, doi:10.1111/ejn.13418.
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