Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of genetic disorders often overlapping with other neurological conditions. We previously described abnormalities in the branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolic pathway as a cause of ASD. Here, we show that the solute carrier transporter 7a5 (SLC7A5), a large neutral amino acid transporter localized at the blood brain barrier (BBB), has an essential role in maintaining normal levels of brain BCAAs. In mice, deletion of Slc7a5 from the endothelial cells of the BBB leads to atypical brain amino acid profile, abnormal mRNA translation, and severe neurological abnormalities. Furthermore, we identified several patients with autistic traits and motor delay carrying deleterious homozygous mutations in the SLC7A5 gene. Finally, we demonstrate that BCAA intracerebroventricular administration ameliorates abnormal behaviors in adult mutant mice. Our data elucidate a neurological syndrome defined by SLC7A5 mutations and support an essential role for the BCAA in human brain function.
This work was supported by NICHD (P01HD070494) and SFARI (grant 275275) to J.G.G., and FWF (SFB35_3523) to G.N. We thank A.C. Manzano, Mike Liu, and F. Marr for technical assistance, and R. Shigemoto and the IST Austria Electron Microscopy (EM) Facility for assistance. We acknowledge support from CIDR for genome-wide SNP analysis (X01HG008823) and Broad Institute Center for Mendelian Disorders (UM1HG008900 to D. MacArthur), the Yale Center for Mendelian Disorders (U54HG006504 to M.G.), the Gregory M. Kiez and Mehmet Kutman Foundation (M.G.), Italian Ministry of Instruction University and Research (PON01_00937 to C.I.), and NIH (R01-GM108911 to A.S.). This work was supported by NICHD (P01HD070494) and SFARI (grant 275275) to J.G.G., and FWF (SFB35_3523) to G.N. #EMFacility
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Tarlungeanu D-C, Deliu E, Dotter C, et al. Impaired amino acid transport at the blood brain barrier is a cause of autism spectrum disorder. Cell. 2016;167(6):1481-1494. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2016.11.013
Tarlungeanu, D.-C., Deliu, E., Dotter, C., Kara, M., Janiesch, P., Scalise, M., … Novarino, G. (2016). Impaired amino acid transport at the blood brain barrier is a cause of autism spectrum disorder. Cell, 167(6), 1481–1494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2016.11.013
Tarlungeanu, Dora-Clara, Elena Deliu, Christoph Dotter, Majdi Kara, Philipp Janiesch, Mariafrancesca Scalise, Michele Galluccio, et al. “Impaired Amino Acid Transport at the Blood Brain Barrier Is a Cause of Autism Spectrum Disorder.” Cell 167, no. 6 (2016): 1481–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2016.11.013.
D.-C. Tarlungeanu et al., “Impaired amino acid transport at the blood brain barrier is a cause of autism spectrum disorder,” Cell, vol. 167, no. 6, pp. 1481–1494, 2016.
Tarlungeanu D-C, Deliu E, Dotter C, Kara M, Janiesch P, Scalise M, Galluccio M, Tesulov M, Morelli E, Sönmez F, Bilgüvar K, Ohgaki R, Kanai Y, Johansen A, Esharif S, Ben Omran T, Topcu M, Schlessinger A, Indiveri C, Duncan K, Caglayan A, Günel M, Gleeson J, Novarino G. 2016. Impaired amino acid transport at the blood brain barrier is a cause of autism spectrum disorder. Cell. 167(6), 1481–1494.
Tarlungeanu, Dora-Clara, et al. “Impaired Amino Acid Transport at the Blood Brain Barrier Is a Cause of Autism Spectrum Disorder.” Cell, vol. 167, no. 6, Cell Press, 2016, pp. 1481–94, doi:10.1016/j.cell.2016.11.013.
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