Novak, SebastianIST Austria ; Kollár, Richard
Dispersal is a crucial factor in natural evolution, since it determines the habitat experienced by any population and defines the spatial scale of interactions between individuals. There is compelling evidence for systematic differences in dispersal characteristics within the same population, i.e., genotype-dependent dispersal. The consequences of genotype-dependent dispersal on other evolutionary phenomena, however, are poorly understood. In this article we investigate the effect of genotype-dependent dispersal on spatial gene frequency patterns, using a generalization of the classical diffusion model of selection and dispersal. Dispersal is characterized by the variance of dispersal (diffusion coefficient) and the mean displacement (directional advection term). We demonstrate that genotype-dependent dispersal may change the qualitative behavior of Fisher waves, which change from being “pulled” to being “pushed” wave fronts as the discrepancy in dispersal between genotypes increases. The speed of any wave is partitioned into components due to selection, genotype-dependent variance of dispersal, and genotype-dependent mean displacement. We apply our findings to wave fronts maintained by selection against heterozygotes. Furthermore, we identify a benefit of increased variance of dispersal, quantify its effect on the speed of the wave, and discuss the implications for the evolution of dispersal strategies.
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Novak S, Kollár R. Spatial gene frequency waves under genotype dependent dispersal. Genetics. 2017;205(1):367-374. doi:10.1534/genetics.116.193946
Novak, S., & Kollár, R. (2017). Spatial gene frequency waves under genotype dependent dispersal. Genetics, 205(1), 367–374. https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.116.193946
Novak, Sebastian, and Richard Kollár. “Spatial Gene Frequency Waves under Genotype Dependent Dispersal.” Genetics 205, no. 1 (2017): 367–74. https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.116.193946.
S. Novak and R. Kollár, “Spatial gene frequency waves under genotype dependent dispersal,” Genetics, vol. 205, no. 1, pp. 367–374, 2017.
Novak S, Kollár R. 2017. Spatial gene frequency waves under genotype dependent dispersal. Genetics. 205(1), 367–374.
Novak, Sebastian, and Richard Kollár. “Spatial Gene Frequency Waves under Genotype Dependent Dispersal.” Genetics, vol. 205, no. 1, Genetics Society of America, 2017, pp. 367–74, doi:10.1534/genetics.116.193946.
IST-2016-727-v1+1_SFC_Genetics_final.pdf 361.50 KB