Auxin and strigolactone non-canonical signaling regulating development in Arabidopsis thaliana

Gallei MC. 2022. Auxin and strigolactone non-canonical signaling regulating development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA).

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Thesis | PhD | Published | English
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Series Title
ISTA Thesis
Abstract
Plant growth and development is well known to be both, flexible and dynamic. The high capacity for post-embryonic organ formation and tissue regeneration requires tightly regulated intercellular communication and coordinated tissue polarization. One of the most important drivers for patterning and polarity in plant development is the phytohormone auxin. Auxin has the unique characteristic to establish polarized channels for its own active directional cell to cell transport. This fascinating phenomenon is called auxin canalization. Those auxin transport channels are characterized by the expression and polar, subcellular localization of PIN auxin efflux carriers. PIN proteins have the ability to dynamically change their localization and auxin itself can affect this by interfering with trafficking. Most of the underlying molecular mechanisms of canalization still remain enigmatic. What is known so far is that canonical auxin signaling is indispensable but also other non-canonical signaling components are thought to play a role. In order to shed light into the mysteries auf auxin canalization this study revisits the branches of auxin signaling in detail. Further a new auxin analogue, PISA, is developed which triggers auxin-like responses but does not directly activate canonical transcriptional auxin signaling. We revisit the direct auxin effect on PIN trafficking where we found that, contradictory to previous observations, auxin is very specifically promoting endocytosis of PIN2 but has no overall effect on endocytosis. Further, we evaluate which cellular processes related to PIN subcellular dynamics are involved in the establishment of auxin conducting channels and the formation of vascular tissue. We are re-evaluating the function of AUXIN BINDING PROTEIN 1 (ABP1) and provide a comprehensive picture about its developmental phneotypes and involvement in auxin signaling and canalization. Lastly, we are focusing on the crosstalk between the hormone strigolactone (SL) and auxin and found that SL is interfering with essentially all processes involved in auxin canalization in a non-transcriptional manner. Lastly we identify a new way of SL perception and signaling which is emanating from mitochondria, is independent of canonical SL signaling and is modulating primary root growth.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2022-07-20
Page
248
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Gallei MC. Auxin and strigolactone non-canonical signaling regulating development in Arabidopsis thaliana. 2022. doi:10.15479/at:ista:11626
Gallei, M. C. (2022). Auxin and strigolactone non-canonical signaling regulating development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA). https://doi.org/10.15479/at:ista:11626
Gallei, Michelle C. “Auxin and Strigolactone Non-Canonical Signaling Regulating Development in Arabidopsis Thaliana.” Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA), 2022. https://doi.org/10.15479/at:ista:11626.
M. C. Gallei, “Auxin and strigolactone non-canonical signaling regulating development in Arabidopsis thaliana,” Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA), 2022.
Gallei MC. 2022. Auxin and strigolactone non-canonical signaling regulating development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA).
Gallei, Michelle C. Auxin and Strigolactone Non-Canonical Signaling Regulating Development in Arabidopsis Thaliana. Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA), 2022, doi:10.15479/at:ista:11626.
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