Tracy-widom distribution for the largest eigenvalue of real sample covariance matrices with general population
Lee, Ji
Schnelli, Kevin
We consider sample covariance matrices of the form Q = ( σ1/2X)(σ1/2X)∗, where the sample X is an M ×N random matrix whose entries are real independent random variables with variance 1/N and whereσ is an M × M positive-definite deterministic matrix. We analyze the asymptotic fluctuations of the largest rescaled eigenvalue of Q when both M and N tend to infinity with N/M →d ϵ (0,∞). For a large class of populations σ in the sub-critical regime, we show that the distribution of the largest rescaled eigenvalue of Q is given by the type-1 Tracy-Widom distribution under the additional assumptions that (1) either the entries of X are i.i.d. Gaussians or (2) that σ is diagonal and that the entries of X have a sub-exponential decay.
Institute of Mathematical Statistics
2016
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
doc-type:article
text
http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501
https://research-explorer.app.ist.ac.at/record/1157
Lee J, Schnelli K. Tracy-widom distribution for the largest eigenvalue of real sample covariance matrices with general population. <i>Annals of Applied Probability</i>. 2016;26(6):3786-3839. doi:<a href="https://doi.org/10.1214/16-AAP1193">10.1214/16-AAP1193</a>
eng
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/10.1214/16-AAP1193
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/338804
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess