Combining of synthetic VHH and immune scFv libraries for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins ELISA development

Dormeshkin D, Shapira M, Karputs A, Kavaleuski A, Kuzminski I, Stepanova E, Gilep A. 2022. Combining of synthetic VHH and immune scFv libraries for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins ELISA development. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 106, 5093–5103.

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Author
Dormeshkin, Dmitri; Shapira, Michail; Karputs, Alena; Kavaleuski, AntonISTA; Kuzminski, Ivan; Stepanova, Elena; Gilep, Andrei
Department
Abstract
Nanobodies (VHH) from camelid antibody libraries hold great promise as therapeutic agents and components of immunoassay systems. Synthetic antibody libraries that could be designed and generated once and for various applications could yield binders to virtually any targets, even for non-immunogenic or toxic ones, in a short term. One of the most difficult tasks is to obtain antibodies with a high affinity and specificity to polyglycosylated proteins. It requires antibody libraries with extremely high functional diversity and the use of sophisticated selection techniques. Here we report a development of a novel sandwich immunoassay involving a combination of the synthetic library-derived VHH-Fc fusion protein as a capture antibody and the immune single-chain fragment variable (scFv) as a tracer for the detection of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) of cattle (Bos taurus). We succeeded in the generation of a number of specific scFv antibodies against PAG from the mouse immune library. Subsequent selection using the immobilized scFv-Fc capture antibody allowed to isolate 1.9 nM VHH binder from the diverse synthetic library without any overlapping with the capture antibody binding site. The prototype sandwich ELISA based on the synthetic VHH and the immune scFv was established. This is the first successful example of the combination of synthetic and immune antibody libraries in a single sandwich immunoassay. Thus, our approach could be used for the express isolation of antibody pairs and the development of sandwich immunoassays for challenging antigens.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2022-08-01
Journal Title
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Acknowledgement
This study was financially supported by the State Committee on Science and Technology. We would like to thank Elena Tumar and Elena Kisileva at the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of NASB for their kind assistance with mouse immunizations.
Volume
106
Page
5093-5103
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Dormeshkin D, Shapira M, Karputs A, et al. Combining of synthetic VHH and immune scFv libraries for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins ELISA development. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2022;106:5093-5103. doi:10.1007/s00253-022-12022-w
Dormeshkin, D., Shapira, M., Karputs, A., Kavaleuski, A., Kuzminski, I., Stepanova, E., & Gilep, A. (2022). Combining of synthetic VHH and immune scFv libraries for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins ELISA development. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-022-12022-w
Dormeshkin, Dmitri, Michail Shapira, Alena Karputs, Anton Kavaleuski, Ivan Kuzminski, Elena Stepanova, and Andrei Gilep. “Combining of Synthetic VHH and Immune ScFv Libraries for Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins ELISA Development.” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. Springer Nature, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-022-12022-w.
D. Dormeshkin et al., “Combining of synthetic VHH and immune scFv libraries for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins ELISA development,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 106. Springer Nature, pp. 5093–5103, 2022.
Dormeshkin D, Shapira M, Karputs A, Kavaleuski A, Kuzminski I, Stepanova E, Gilep A. 2022. Combining of synthetic VHH and immune scFv libraries for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins ELISA development. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 106, 5093–5103.
Dormeshkin, Dmitri, et al. “Combining of Synthetic VHH and Immune ScFv Libraries for Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins ELISA Development.” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 106, Springer Nature, 2022, pp. 5093–103, doi:10.1007/s00253-022-12022-w.

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