GABAergic synapses in brain circuits generate inhibitory output signals with submillisecond latency and temporal precision. Whether the molecular identity of the release sensor contributes to these signaling properties remains unclear. Here, we examined the Ca^2+ sensor of exocytosis at GABAergic basket cell (BC) to Purkinje cell (PC) synapses in cerebellum. Immunolabeling suggested that BC terminals selectively expressed synaptotagmin 2 (Syt2), whereas synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) was enriched in excitatory terminals. Genetic elimination of Syt2 reduced action potential-evoked release to ∼10%, identifying Syt2 as the major Ca^2+ sensor at BC-PC synapses. Differential adenovirus-mediated rescue revealed that Syt2 triggered release with shorter latency and higher temporal precision and mediated faster vesicle pool replenishment than Syt1. Furthermore, deletion of Syt2 severely reduced and delayed disynaptic inhibition following parallel fiber stimulation. Thus, the selective use of Syt2 as release sensor at BC-PC synapses ensures fast and efficient feedforward inhibition in cerebellar microcircuits. #bioimagingfacility-author
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Chen C, Arai itaru, Satterield R, Young S, Jonas PM. Synaptotagmin 2 is the fast Ca2+ sensor at a central inhibitory synapse. Cell Reports. 2017;18(3):723-736. doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.067
Chen, C., Arai, itaru, Satterield, R., Young, S., & Jonas, P. M. (2017). Synaptotagmin 2 is the fast Ca2+ sensor at a central inhibitory synapse. Cell Reports. Cell Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.067
Chen, Chong, itaru Arai, Rachel Satterield, Samuel Young, and Peter M Jonas. “Synaptotagmin 2 Is the Fast Ca2+ Sensor at a Central Inhibitory Synapse.” Cell Reports. Cell Press, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.067.
C. Chen, itaru Arai, R. Satterield, S. Young, and P. M. Jonas, “Synaptotagmin 2 is the fast Ca2+ sensor at a central inhibitory synapse,” Cell Reports, vol. 18, no. 3. Cell Press, pp. 723–736, 2017.
Chen C, Arai itaru, Satterield R, Young S, Jonas PM. 2017. Synaptotagmin 2 is the fast Ca2+ sensor at a central inhibitory synapse. Cell Reports. 18(3), 723–736.
Chen, Chong, et al. “Synaptotagmin 2 Is the Fast Ca2+ Sensor at a Central Inhibitory Synapse.” Cell Reports, vol. 18, no. 3, Cell Press, 2017, pp. 723–36, doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.067.
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