Laser-induced rotation of iodine molecules in helium nanodroplets: Revivals and breaking-free

B. Shepperson, A. Søndergaard, L. Christiansen, J. Kaczmarczyk, R. Zillich, M. Lemeshko, H. Stapelfeldt, Physical Review Letters 118 (2017).


Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Rotation of molecules embedded in He nanodroplets is explored by a combination of fs laser-induced alignment experiments and angulon quasiparticle theory. We demonstrate that at low fluence of the fs alignment pulse, the molecule and its solvation shell can be set into coherent collective rotation lasting long enough to form revivals. With increasing fluence, however, the revivals disappear -- instead, rotational dynamics as rapid as for an isolated molecule is observed during the first few picoseconds. Classical calculations trace this phenomenon to transient decoupling of the molecule from its He shell. Our results open novel opportunities for studying non-equilibrium solute-solvent dynamics and quantum thermalization.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-05-19
Journal Title
Physical Review Letters
Volume
118
Issue
20
Article Number
203203
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Shepperson B, Søndergaard A, Christiansen L, et al. Laser-induced rotation of iodine molecules in helium nanodroplets: Revivals and breaking-free. Physical Review Letters. 2017;118(20). doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.203203
Shepperson, B., Søndergaard, A., Christiansen, L., Kaczmarczyk, J., Zillich, R., Lemeshko, M., & Stapelfeldt, H. (2017). Laser-induced rotation of iodine molecules in helium nanodroplets: Revivals and breaking-free. Physical Review Letters, 118(20). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.203203
Shepperson, Benjamin, Anders Søndergaard, Lars Christiansen, Jan Kaczmarczyk, Robert Zillich, Mikhail Lemeshko, and Henrik Stapelfeldt. “Laser-Induced Rotation of Iodine Molecules in Helium Nanodroplets: Revivals and Breaking-Free.” Physical Review Letters 118, no. 20 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.203203.
B. Shepperson et al., “Laser-induced rotation of iodine molecules in helium nanodroplets: Revivals and breaking-free,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 118, no. 20, 2017.
Shepperson B, Søndergaard A, Christiansen L, Kaczmarczyk J, Zillich R, Lemeshko M, Stapelfeldt H. 2017. Laser-induced rotation of iodine molecules in helium nanodroplets: Revivals and breaking-free. Physical Review Letters. 118(20).
Shepperson, Benjamin, et al. “Laser-Induced Rotation of Iodine Molecules in Helium Nanodroplets: Revivals and Breaking-Free.” Physical Review Letters, vol. 118, no. 20, 203203, American Physical Society, 2017, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.203203.

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